Article (Scientific journals)
A simplified method to assess the elasto-plastic response of standalone tubular Offshore Wind Turbine supports subjected to ship impact
Ladeira, Icaro; Echeverry Jaramillo, Sara; Le Sourne, Hervé
2023In Ocean Engineering, 279, p. 114313
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Keywords :
Finite element analysis; Offshore wind turbines; Ship collisions; Simplified methods; Analytical approach; Elastic bending; Elasto-plastic response; Finite element analyse; Floating platforms; Monopiles; Ship collision; Ship impacts; Simplified method; Tubulars; Environmental Engineering; Ocean Engineering
Abstract :
[en] This paper presents a simplified analytical approach to rapidly simulate the elasto-plastic response of standalone tubular Offshore Wind Turbine (OWT) supports (e.g. monopiles and spar floating platforms) that are subjected to a ship collision. The wind turbine, idealized as a constant cross-section cantilever tube with a tip mass, is assumed to be struck by a rigid impactor. In a first step, a series of preliminary finite element simulations enable the identification of three successive phases in the deformation process: (i) local elastic denting, (ii) local plastic denting combined with global elastic bending, and (iii) plastic buckling at the base of the structure. In a second step, from these observations, existing analytical formulations extracted from the literature are integrated into a time-stepping algorithm. Finally, resulting force-penetration and energy balance curves are compared to finite element results. Simulations are performed considering mid and quarter-length impacts of a 6000-tonnes Offshore Supply Vessel approaching at different velocities. Seven different OWTs are tested. A good correlation between analytical predictions and numerical simulations is found in the vast majority of the investigated collision scenarios. Limitations are encountered for stockier supports, where the contribution of the global elastic bending mode is underestimated by the proposed analytical model. Overall, the method presents a promising alternative for risk assessment and structural optimization applications.
Disciplines :
Civil engineering
Author, co-author :
Ladeira, Icaro ;  ICAM Engineering School, Carquefou, France ; Nantes University, Ecole Centrale Nantes, CNRS, GeM Institute (UMR 6183), Nantes, France
Echeverry Jaramillo, Sara  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Urban and Environmental Engineering
Le Sourne, Hervé ;  ICAM Engineering School, Carquefou, France ; Nantes University, Ecole Centrale Nantes, CNRS, GeM Institute (UMR 6183), Nantes, France
Language :
English
Title :
A simplified method to assess the elasto-plastic response of standalone tubular Offshore Wind Turbine supports subjected to ship impact
Publication date :
July 2023
Journal title :
Ocean Engineering
ISSN :
0029-8018
Publisher :
Elsevier, United Kingdom
Volume :
279
Pages :
114313
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funding text :
The authors would like to thank the COLLFOWT project funded by the Walloon Region (Plan Marshall-GreenWin - Belgium) 2021–2023 in partnership with the University of Liège (ULIEGE) and the Haute École Libre Mosane (HELMO) . Part of this work was performed within the framework of the West Atlantic Marine Energy Community (WEAMEC), granted by the ICAM Engineering School, Pays de la Loire Region and Europe (European Regional Development Fund).
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