Article (Scientific journals)
Impact of Dietary Patterns in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Subtypes Versus Healthy Subjects: a Retrospective Cohort Study.
Preda, Carmen Monica; Istratescu, Doina; Nitescu, Maria et al.
2023In Mædica, 18 (2), p. 174-181
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
 

Files


Full Text
Impact of Dietary Patterns in IBD subtypes versus healthy subjects a retrospective cohort study_maedica_PPE.pdf
Publisher postprint (710.84 kB)
Download

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to



Details



Keywords :
IBD; diet; Crohn's disease; ulcerative colitis
Abstract :
[en] Objectives:Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have been associated with multiple environmental factors, including diet. A dietary pattern characterized by low fiber content, high fat content and high carbohydrate content has been linked to the development of IBD. The objective of the current investigation is to examine the potential link between dietary patterns and the occurrence of IBD and to investigate whether there are any differences in relation to the type of IBD and specific food groups. Material and methods:We conducted an observational retrospective comparative study using three cohorts: 89 Crohn's disease (CD) patients, 40 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and 64 healthy subjects. All participants underwent structured interviews and were required to complete a questionnaire regarding their dietary habits either prior to the onset of IBD or within the last year for control subjects. Results:A higher proportion of CD patients reported a higher rate of salt intake (71.9% vs. 53.1%, p-value = 0.043), sweetened beverages (38.2% vs. 17.2%, p-value=0.022), processed meat (66.3% vs. 40.6%, p-value=0.007), fatty meat (50.6% vs. 28.1%, p-value=0.021), fried foods (47.2% vs. 9.4%, p-value<0.001) and mayonnaise (21.3% vs. 6.2%, p-value=0.032) and a lower intake of nuts and seeds (20.2% vs. 43.8%, p-value=0.004) and yogurt (23.6% vs. 43.8%, p-value=0.030) compared to healthy subjects. Compared to controls, in the UC group there was a higher consumption of salt (85% vs. 53.1%, p-value=0.003), sweetened beverages (47.5% vs. 17.2%, p-value=0.005), fatty meat (55% vs. 28.1%, p-value=0.025) and fried foods (55% vs. 9.4%, p-value<0.001) and a lower intake of nuts and seeds (10% vs. 43.8%, p-value=0.001). Conclusion:Diet patterns before the onset of the disease are similar in patients with Crohn's disease and patients with ulcerative colitis: increased consumption of sweetened beverages, processed and fatty meat, fried food, salt, store-bought ice cream, and mayonnaise, and decreased intake of seeds, nuts, and yogurt.
Disciplines :
Gastroenterology & hepatology
Author, co-author :
Preda, Carmen Monica;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Istratescu, Doina;  Department of Gastroenterology, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Nitescu, Maria;  "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, "Prof. Dr. Matei Bals" National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Bucharest, Romania.
Manuc, Teodora;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Manuc, Mircea;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Stroie, Tudor;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Catrinoiu, Mihai;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Tieranu, Cristian;  Elias Emergency Hospital, Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Bucharest, Romania.
Meianu, Corina Gabriela;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Tugui, Letitia;  Department of Gastroenterology, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Ciora, Cosmin Alexandru;  Department of Gastroenterology, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
Louis, Edouard  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de gastroentérologie, hépatologie, onco. digestive
Diculescu, Mircea;  "Carol Davila" Gastroenterology & Hepatology Department, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
More authors (3 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Impact of Dietary Patterns in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Subtypes Versus Healthy Subjects: a Retrospective Cohort Study.
Publication date :
June 2023
Journal title :
Mædica
ISSN :
1841-9038
eISSN :
2069-6116
Publisher :
Magister and Empire, Bucharest, Ro
Volume :
18
Issue :
2
Pages :
174-181
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
FWB - Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 17 December 2023

Statistics


Number of views
13 (0 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
5 (0 by ULiège)

Bibliography


Similar publications



Contact ORBi