Article (Scientific journals)
Behavioural Profiling of Cycling and Walking in Nine European Cities
De Ceunynck, Tim; Wijlhuizen, Gert Jan; Fyhri, Aslak et al.
2023In Sustainability, 15 (3), p. 1996
Peer reviewed


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Keywords :
behavioural change; cycling; sustainable transport; walking; Computer Science (miscellaneous); Geography, Planning and Development; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Building and Construction; Environmental Science (miscellaneous); Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Hardware and Architecture; Computer Networks and Communications; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Abstract :
[en] To ensure cities’ livability, a significant modal shift from car use towards more sustainable modes of transportation, such as walking and cycling, is required. To establish such a modal shift, a better understanding is needed of the psychological components that affect people’s likelihood of shifting to active transport modes. To this end, a behavioural survey was conducted among more than 2000 respondents across nine European cities in four countries. Using factor and cluster analysis, two groups of respondents are identified that have common determinants of their variations in intentions to shift to active transport modes, i.e., a “pro-cycling” cluster (55.6% of the respondents) and a “non-pro-cycling” cluster (44.4%). The findings highlight the intrinsically different nature of walking and cycling as transport modes, underlining the importance of distinguishing walking and cycling policies. The main obstacle to cycle more frequently is perceived traffic safety. Therefore, the main priority should be the improvement of traffic safety. The most important obstacle hindering more frequent walking is time. Hence, reducing travel time, for instance, by creating shortcuts for pedestrians and denser and more diversified urban areas will be an important strategy. Future research could extend this research to cities in other countries and regions. By repeating the survey periodically, changes in people’s motivations and perceived barriers can be analysed over time.
Disciplines :
Civil engineering
Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation...)
Author, co-author :
De Ceunynck, Tim ;  Vias Institute, Brussels, Belgium
Wijlhuizen, Gert Jan;  SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, The Hague, Netherlands
Fyhri, Aslak ;  TØI Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
Gerike, Regine ;  Institute of Transport Planning and Road Traffic, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany
Köhler, Dagmar;  Polis, Brussels, Belgium
Ciccone, Alice ;  TØI Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
Dijkstra, Atze ;  SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, The Hague, Netherlands
Dupont, Emmanuelle;  Vias Institute, Brussels, Belgium
Cools, Mario  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Transports et mobilité ; Department of Informatics, Modeling and Simulation (CIMS), KULeuven, Brussels, Belgium ; Faculty of Business Economics, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium
Language :
Title :
Behavioural Profiling of Cycling and Walking in Nine European Cities
Publication date :
February 2023
Journal title :
Publisher :
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Funders :
CEDR - Conference of European Directors of Roads [BE]
Funding text :
This research received funding from the European Conference of Directors of Roads (CEDR) Transnational Road Research Programme—Call 2015: User Needs in a Multimodal Context.
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since 29 October 2023


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