Article (Scientific journals)
Prevalence of Loneliness in Older Adults: A Scoping Review
Schroyen, Sarah; Janssen, N.; Duffner, L. A. et al.
2023In Health and Social Care in the Community, 2023, p. 1-12
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Keywords :
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; Health Policy; Sociology and Political Science; Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Abstract :
[en] Objectives. To review the prevalence of loneliness (during/after COVID-19) in older people. Design. Scoping review using Medline and PsycInfo for worldwide prevalence estimates (white published literature search) and Google for prevalence data inside the Euregio Meuse-Rhine (grey literature). Setting. Worldwide prevalence estimates and a focus on the Euregio Meuse-Rhine. Participants. Papers published between 2016 and 2022 and a mean age of minimum of 65 years. Measurements. Prevalence estimates for older people. Results. The white literature search yielded 37 articles. Before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, loneliness estimates were the highest in Nigeria (46%) and the lowest in Australia (5%) (mean prevalence was 25.6%). Loneliness was reported to be higher in specific populations, for example, people living in specific communities such as senior housing communities or with impairments, than in the general population, with a mean prevalence estimate of 47.8%. During COVID-19, the prevalence of loneliness was higher than that before the pandemic: we observed a mean prevalence of 39.4%, in comparison to 25.6 before COVID-19. The grey literature search showed that, compared to Belgium and the Netherlands (13.5% and 36.5%, respectively), loneliness estimates were the lowest in Germany, with a mean prevalence of 7.7%. Conclusion. Large international differences in the prevalence of loneliness were observed between countries and populations studied. Several hypotheses could explain such differences, including sociocultural or historical-political characteristics. Without surprise, the pandemic and associated measures were linked to a higher level of loneliness. Furthermore, recommendations for addressing loneliness, including interventions, are discussed.
Disciplines :
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Author, co-author :
Schroyen, Sarah  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Epidémiologie nutritionnelle
Janssen, N. ;  Alzheimer Centrum Limburg, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
Duffner, L. A. ;  Alzheimer Centrum Limburg, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
Veenstra, M. ;  Alzheimer Centrum Limburg, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
Pyrovolaki, Effrosyni  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement
Salmon, Eric  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de neurologie
Adam, Stéphane  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement
Language :
English
Title :
Prevalence of Loneliness in Older Adults: A Scoping Review
Publication date :
14 September 2023
Journal title :
Health and Social Care in the Community
ISSN :
0966-0410
eISSN :
1365-2524
Publisher :
Hindawi Limited
Volume :
2023
Pages :
1-12
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Name of the research project :
Interreg, project number EMR 147
Funders :
Interreg EMR - Interreg Euregio Meuse-Rhin [NL]
Available on ORBi :
since 16 September 2023

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