Article (Scientific journals)
CFD Assessment of Car Park Ventilation System in Case of Fire Event
Rahif, Ramin; Attia, Shady
2023In Applied Sciences, 13 (18), p. 10190
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Keywords :
impulse ventilation; smoke management; computational fluid dynamics; fire safety; indoor air quality; jet fan; induction fan
Abstract :
[en] This scientific article presents the results of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations conducted using OpenFOAM to evaluate the effectiveness of a jet fan ventilation system in managing the dispersion of smoke resulting from a car fire incident within an underground car park spanning a total area of 21,670 m2, situated in Tabriz, Iran. The primary objective of the study is to determine the velocity fields and evaluate visibility conditions within a 10 m radius to gauge the efficiency and effectiveness of the system. The study employs a smoke concentration production rate of 5.49 × 10−4 kg/m3s for simulations involving fire scenarios. A total of 17 fire scenarios are examined, each extending 30 m in all directions from the initial location. The research findings demonstrate that the placement of jet fan components plays a significant role in the system’s efficiency, with fans positioned near the ceiling leading to back-layering. To mitigate this issue, the recommended design solution involves the strategic installation of multiple jet fan arrays in specific zones with the addition of 10 extra jet fans, effectively curbing lateral smoke dispersion. Furthermore, the analysis of air flow rates shows that when jet fans direct an excessive airflow towards the exhaust shafts (which have a designated flow rate of 22.5 m3/s), recirculating flows occur, leading to the dispersion of smoke throughout the car park. Consequently, the utilization of low-velocity jet fans (11.2 m/s) proves to be more effective in clearing smoke compared to high-velocity jet fans (22.3 m/s). The study also emphasizes the importance of optimal positioning of supply and exhaust shafts to achieve effective smoke control, highlighting the need for placing them on opposite walls or minimizing airflow turns. Additionally, the research underscores the significance of fire resistance in jet fan units, as their failure during fire incidents can have severe consequences.
Disciplines :
Architecture
Author, co-author :
Rahif, Ramin  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Urban and Environmental Engineering
Attia, Shady  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Techniques de construction des bâtiments
Language :
English
Title :
CFD Assessment of Car Park Ventilation System in Case of Fire Event
Publication date :
11 September 2023
Journal title :
Applied Sciences
eISSN :
2076-3417
Publisher :
MDPI AG
Volume :
13
Issue :
18
Pages :
10190
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Development Goals :
11. Sustainable cities and communities
Available on ORBi :
since 12 September 2023

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