Reference : A Xylophone Bar Magnetometer for micro/pico satellites
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Aerospace & aeronautics engineering
A Xylophone Bar Magnetometer for micro/pico satellites
Lamy, Hervé [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy > > > >]
Niyonzima, Innocent [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Applied and Computational Electromagnetics (ACE) >]
Rochus, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > CSL (Centre Spatial de Liège) - Instrumentation et expérimentation spatiales >]
Rochus, Véronique mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > LTAS - Vibrations et identification des structures >]
Acta Astronautica
Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] MEMS ; FEM ; Magnetometer
[en] The Belgian Institute of Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), "Centre Spatial
de Liège" (CSL), "Laboratoire de Techniques Aéronautiques et Spatiales"
(LTAS) of University of Liège, and the Microwave Laboratory of University
of Louvain-La-Neuve (UCL) are collaborating in order to develop a miniature
version of a xylophone bar magnetometer (XBM) using Microelectromechanical
Systems (MEMS) technology. The device is based on a classical resonating
xylophone bar. A sinusoidal current is supplied to the bar oscillating
at the fundamental transverse resonant mode of the bar. When an external
magnetic field is present, the resulting Lorentz force causes the bar to vibrate
at its fundamental frequency with an amplitude directly proportional to the
vertical component of the ambient magnetic field. In this paper we illustrate
the working principles of the XBM and the challenges to reach the required
sensitivity in space applications (measuring magnetic fields with an accuracy
of approximately of 0.1 nT). The optimal dimensions of the MEMS XBM are
discussed as well as the constraints on the current flowing through the bar.
Analytical calculations as well as simulations with finite element methods
have been used. Prototypes have been built in the Microwave Laboratory
using Silicon on Insulator (SOI) and bulk micromachining processes. Several
methods to accurately measure the displacement of the bar are proposed.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS

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