Article (Scientific journals)
Serum Acylcarnitines Profile in Critically Ill Survivors According to Illness Severity and ICU Length of Stay: An Observational Study
Rousseau, Anne-Françoise; Dongier, Alice; COLSON, Camille et al.
2023In Nutrients, 15 (10), p. 2392
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Keywords :
Food Science; Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract :
[en] The acylcarnitine (AC) profile has been shown to be altered in survivors of a prolonged stay in intensive care unit (ICU), with higher short-chain derivates compared to reference ranges. The present study aimed at describing the AC profile of patients surviving a short ICU stay versus patients surviving a >7-day multiple organ dysfunction. Patients discharged from ICU after an elective and non-complicated cardiac surgery (CS) were recruited. For each CS, one to two adults, matched for gender and age, were recruited among patients enrolled in our post-ICU follow-up program after an ICU stay ≥7 days (PS). In both groups, the AC profile was determined during the week following ICU discharge. A total of 50 CS patients (SAPS II 23 (18–27)) survived an ICU stay of 2 (2–3) days and were matched to 85 PS patients (SAPS II 36 (28–51), p < 0.001) who survived an ICU stay of 11 (8–15.5) days. No carnitine deficiency was observed in either group. Their total AC/C0 ratio was similar: 0.355 (0.268–0.415) and 0.358 (0.289–0.417), respectively (p = 0.391). A ratio >0.4 representing a disturbed mitochondrial metabolism was observed in 26/85 (30.6%) PS patients and in 15/50 (30%) CS patients (p > 0.999). The long-chain ACs were elevated in both groups, with a greater increase in the CS group. The short-chain ACs were higher in the PS group: 1.520 (1.178–1.974) vs. 1.185 (0.932–1.895) μmol/L (p < 0.001). The role of the AC profile as potential marker of catabolism and/or mitochondrial dysfunction during the critical illness trajectory should be further investigated.
Disciplines :
Anesthesia & intensive care
Author, co-author :
Rousseau, Anne-Françoise  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des soins intensifs
Dongier, Alice ;  Intensive Care Department and Burn Centre, University Hospital of Liège, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
COLSON, Camille ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Soins intensifs chirurgie (+1D)
MINGUET, Pauline ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Soins intensifs chirurgie (+1C)
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique
MINGUET, Grégory ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation
Misset, Benoît ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des soins intensifs
Boemer, François  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de génétique
Language :
English
Title :
Serum Acylcarnitines Profile in Critically Ill Survivors According to Illness Severity and ICU Length of Stay: An Observational Study
Publication date :
19 May 2023
Journal title :
Nutrients
ISSN :
2072-6643
Publisher :
MDPI AG
Volume :
15
Issue :
10
Pages :
2392
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 24 May 2023

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