Article (Scientific journals)
Compliance with Barrier Gestures during COVID-19 Pandemic as a Function of the Context: A Longitudinal Observational Survey at the University of Liège.
Parisi, Gianni; Renault, Véronique; Humblet, Marie-France et al.
2022In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (18)
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Keywords :
COVID-19/epidemiology/prevention & control; Gestures; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Pandemics/prevention & control; Physical Distancing; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; adherence; barrier gesture; compliance
Abstract :
[en] During the COVID-19 pandemic, barrier gestures such as mask wearing, physical distancing, greetings without contact, one-way circulation flow, and hand sanitization were major strategies to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2, but they were only useful if consistently applied. This survey was a follow-up of the first survey performed in 2020 at the University of Liège. We aim to evaluate the compliance with these gestures on campuses and examine differences in the extent of the compliance observed in different educational activities and contexts. During 3.5 months, the counting of compliant and non-compliant behaviors was performed each week in randomly selected rooms. Using data collected during both surveys (2020 and 2021), binomial negative regression models of compliance depending on periods (teaching periods and exam sessions), type of rooms, and campuses were conducted to evaluate prevalence ratios of compliance. The percentage of compliance in this second survey was the highest for mask wearing and physical distancing during educational activities (90% and 88%, respectively) and lowest for physical distancing outside educational activities and hand sanitization (45% and 52%, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed that the compliance with most gestures was significantly higher in teaching rooms than in hallways and restaurants and during exam sessions. The compliance with physical distancing was significantly higher (from 66%) in auditoriums, where students had to remain seated, than during practical works that allowed or required free movement. Therefore, the compliance with barrier gestures was associated with contextual settings, which should be considered when communicating and managing barrier gestures. Further studies should specify and confirm the determining contextual characteristics regarding the compliance with barrier gestures in times of pandemic.
Disciplines :
Public health, health care sciences & services
Author, co-author :
Parisi, Gianni  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals and Health (FARAH) > FARAH: Santé publique vétérinaire ; Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences
Renault, Véronique  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) > Epidémiologie et analyse des risques appliqués aux sciences vétérinaires ; Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences  ; Vétérinaires et Agronomes Sans Frontières, 69007 Lyon, France.
Humblet, Marie-France ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) ; Unit of Biosafety, Biosecurity Unit and Environmental Licenses, Department of
Ochelen, Nicolas ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Clinique vétérinaire universitaire (CVU) > CVU : pôle ruminants-porcs
Diep, Anh Nguyet ;  Biostatistics Unit, Liège University, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
Guillaume, Michèle ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé publique : aspects spécifiques
Donneau, Anne-Françoise ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique
Bureau, Fabrice ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Inflammation, Infection & Immunity ; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, GIGA Institute, Liège
Gillet, Laurent  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) > Vaccinologie vétérinaire ; Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health (FARAH) Center, Liège
Lange, Anne-Catherine  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de mathématique > Probabilités et statistique mathématique ; Récolte et Analyse des Données et Information d'Utilité Stratégique (RADIUS),
Michel, Fabienne  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'économie > UER Economie : Economie sociale et systèmes économiques ; Récolte et Analyse des Données et Information d'Utilité Stratégique (RADIUS),
Fontaine, Sébastien ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales ; Institute for Research in Social Sciences (IRSS), Faculty of Social Sciences,
Saegerman, Claude  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) > Epidémiologie et analyse des risques appliqués aux sciences vétérinaires  ; Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences
More authors (3 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Compliance with Barrier Gestures during COVID-19 Pandemic as a Function of the Context: A Longitudinal Observational Survey at the University of Liège.
Publication date :
13 September 2022
Journal title :
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN :
1660-4601
eISSN :
1661-7827
Publisher :
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), Basel, Ch
Volume :
19
Issue :
18
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 25 March 2023

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