Article (Scientific journals)
Cellular Automata in Modeling and Predicting Urban Densification: Revisiting the Literature since 1971
Chakraborty, Anasua; Sikder, Sujit; Omrani, Hichem et al.
2022In Land, 11 (7), p. 1113
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


Full Text
Publisher postprint (2 MB)

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to


Keywords :
cellular automata; land use prediction; urban densification; urban models; urban simulation; Global and Planetary Change; Ecology; Nature and Landscape Conservation
Abstract :
[en] The creation of an accurate simulation of future urban growth is considered to be one of the most important challenges of the last five decades that involves spatial modeling within a GIS environment. Even though built-up densification processes, or transitions from low to high density, are critical for policymakers concerned with limiting sprawl, the literature on models for urban study reveals that most of them focus solely on the expansion process. Although the majority of these models have similar goals, they differ in terms of implementation and theoretical assumptions. Cellular automata (CA) models have been proven to be successful at simulating urban growth dynamics and projecting future scenarios at multiple scales. This paper aims to revisit urban CA models to determine the various approaches for a realistic simulation and prediction of urban densification. The general characteristics of CA models are described with respect to analysis of various driving factors that influence urban scenarios. This paper also critically analyzes various hybrid models based on CA such as the Markov chain, artificial neural network (ANN), and logistic regression (LR). Limitation and uncertainties of CA models, namely, neighborhood cell size, may be minimized when integrated with empirical and statistical models. The result of this review suggests that it is useful to use CA models with multinomial logistic regression (MLR) in order to analyze and model the effects of various driving factors related to urban densification. Realistic simulations can be achieved when multidensity class labels are integrated in the modeling process.
Precision for document type :
Review article
Disciplines :
Engineering, computing & technology: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Civil engineering
Author, co-author :
Chakraborty, Anasua  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Urban and Environmental Engineering
Sikder, Sujit ;  Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany
Omrani, Hichem ;  Urban Development and Mobility, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
Teller, Jacques  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > LEMA (Local environment management and analysis)
Language :
Title :
Cellular Automata in Modeling and Predicting Urban Densification: Revisiting the Literature since 1971
Publication date :
July 2022
Journal title :
Publisher :
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fund for Scientific Research [BE]
FNR - Fonds National de la Recherche [LU]
Funding text :
This research was funded by the INTER program and cofunded by the Fond National de la Recherche, Luxembourg (FNR) and the Fund for Scientific Research-FNRS, Belgium (F.R.S—FNRS), T.0233.20,—‘Sustainable Residential Densification’ project (SusDens, 2020–2023).
Available on ORBi :
since 26 February 2023


Number of views
114 (6 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
43 (0 by ULiège)

Scopus citations®
Scopus citations®
without self-citations


Similar publications

Contact ORBi