Unpublished conference/Abstract (Scientific congresses and symposiums)
Belgian laboratory surveillance of human alveolar and cystic echinococcosis in 2021
Egrek, Sabrina; Sacheli, Rosalie; Giot, Jean-Baptiste et al.
2022Belgian Society of Parasitology & Protistology, 10th November 2022
Peer reviewed
 

Files


Full Text
BSPP2022 EchinoSurveillance abstract_Final141022.pdf
Author postprint (69.19 kB)
Download

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to



Details



Keywords :
Cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis, annual surveillance 2021
Abstract :
[en] Background: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused respectively by Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus complex, are severe parasitic zoonoses which are potentially fatal for humans. While echinococcosis ranked among rare diseases in Belgium, an increasing incidence has been observed over the last two decades, in particular for AE. In order to describe the Belgian epidemiology, the National Reference Laboratory for echinococcosis (BNRLE) conducted a surveillance of AE and CE cases diagnosed in Belgium in 2021. Methods: All Belgian clinical laboratories were asked to fill an epidemiological form including AE and CE cases detected in 2021. All cases diagnosed by serology and/or PCR (confirmed cases) or without microbiological confirmation (probable and possible cases) were included. Results: In 2021, 17 new cases were detected throughout Belgium, including 7 AE and 10 CE. Three patients were not Belgian residents (2 AE from Luxembourg, 1 CE from the Netherlands). Among the 7 AE cases, sex ratio (male:female) was 3:4, the median age was 65 years, and the place of residence was restricted to Wallonia. CE cases were not restricted to a specific region. Unlike the alveolar form, CE occurred in a younger population (median age 43 years) and the sex ratio was 8:2. All CE cases were imported from endemic areas such as Turkey (4/10), Morocco (3/10), Bulgaria (1/10), Romania (1/10) and Middle Eastern countries (1/10). All cases were confirmed by serology and/or PCR except 4 CE cases for which the diagnostic methods were not specified. Conclusions: Because few laboratories perform diagnostic tests and few institutions are experienced in the clinical management, echinococcosis is probably underestimated in Belgium. Therefore, it is necessary to raise awareness among clinicians about the existence of these diseases in the country and to inform the population about the risk factors.
Disciplines :
Microbiology
Author, co-author :
Egrek, Sabrina ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de microbiologie clinique
Sacheli, Rosalie  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de microbiologie clinique
Giot, Jean-Baptiste ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des maladies infectieuses - médecine interne
Truyens, Carine;  ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles [BE] > Laboratoire de Parasitologie
Léonard, Philippe ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des maladies infectieuses - médecine interne
Van Esbroeck, Marjan;  ITM - Institute of Tropical Medicine [BE] > Department of Clinical Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium
Depypere, Melissa;  University Hospital of Leuven [BE] > Department of Laboratory Medicine
Miendje Deyi, Véronique Yvette;  ULB - Université Libre de Bruxelles [BE] > Département de Microbiologie
Montesinos Hernandez, Maria Isabel;  UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain, Site Godinne (Yvoir) [BE] > Département de Microbiologie
Boelens, Jerina;  UZ Gent - University Hospital Ghent [BE] > Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology
Van Acker, Jos;  AZ St Lucas, Ghent [BE] > Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology
Oris, Els;  Oost-Limburg-Campus St. Jan Hospital, Genk [BE] > Clinical laboratory
Litzroth, Amber;  Sciensano [BE] > Epidemiology of infectious diseases
Detry, Olivier  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de chirurgie abdo, sénologique, endocrine et de transplantation
Hayette, Marie-Pierre ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de microbiologie clinique
More authors (5 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Belgian laboratory surveillance of human alveolar and cystic echinococcosis in 2021
Publication date :
November 2022
Event name :
Belgian Society of Parasitology & Protistology, 10th November 2022
Event place :
Leuven, Belgium
Event date :
10/11/2022
By request :
Yes
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Available on ORBi :
since 20 January 2023

Statistics


Number of views
58 (16 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
13 (4 by ULiège)

Bibliography


Similar publications



Contact ORBi