Article (Scientific journals)
The protective effect of mindfulness and compassion meditation practices on ageing: Hypotheses, models and experimental implementation.
Lutz, Antoine; Chételat, Gael; Collette, Fabienne et al.
2021In Ageing Research Reviews, 72, p. 101495
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Keywords :
Aging; Cognition; Empathy; Humans; Meditation; Mindfulness; Alzheimer’s disease; Anxiety; Eudaimonic well-being; Medit-Ageing; Silver Sante Study
Abstract :
[en] Alzheimer's disease (AD) represents a major health and societal issue; there is no treatment to date and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying this disease are not well understood. Yet, there is hope that AD risk factors and thus the number of AD cases can be significantly reduced by prevention measures based on lifestyle modifications as targeted by non-pharmacological preventive interventions. So far, these interventions have rarely targeted the psycho-affective risk factors related to depression, stress, anxiety, and feeling of loneliness, which are all prevalent in ageing. This paper presents the hypothesis that the regular practice of mindfulness meditation (MM) and loving-kindness and compassion meditation (LKCM) in the ageing population constitutes a lifestyle that is protective against AD. In this model, these practices can promote cognition, mental health, and well-being by strengthening attention control, metacognitive monitoring, emotion regulation and pro-social capacities. Training these capacities could reduce the risk of AD by upregulating beneficial age-related factors such as cognitive reserve, and down-regulating detrimental age-related factors, such as stress, or depression. As an illustration, we present the Medit-Ageing study (public name Silver Santé Study), an on-going European project that assesses the impact and mechanisms of non-pharmacological interventions including meditation, in the ageing population.
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Lutz, Antoine;  Lyon Neuroscience Research Center Inserm U1028, CNRS UMR5292, Lyon 1 University,
Chételat, Gael;  Inserm, Inserm UMR-S U1237, Université de Caen-Normandie, GIP Cyceron, Caen,
Collette, Fabienne  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA CRC In vivo Imaging
Klimecki, Olga ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Neuropsychologie ; Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Germany.
Marchant, Natalie L;  Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
Gonneaud, Julie;  Inserm, Inserm UMR-S U1237, Université de Caen-Normandie, GIP Cyceron, Caen,
Language :
English
Title :
The protective effect of mindfulness and compassion meditation practices on ageing: Hypotheses, models and experimental implementation.
Publication date :
December 2021
Journal title :
Ageing Research Reviews
ISSN :
1568-1637
eISSN :
1872-9649
Volume :
72
Pages :
101495
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Commentary :
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Available on ORBi :
since 23 December 2022

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