Article (Scientific journals)
Renal Abnormalities among Sickle Cell Disease Patients in a Poor Management Setting: A Survey in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kambale-Kombi, Paul; Djang'eing'a, Roland Marini; Alworong'a Opara, Jean-Pierre et al.
2022In Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases, 14 (1), p. 2022046
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Keywords :
Democratic Republic of the Congo; Prevalence; Renal abnormalities; Sickle cell disease; Sickle cell nephropathy; Sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract :
[en] ("[en] Background and objective: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is now a well-established cause of renal damage. In the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), SCD is common. However, sickle cell nephropathy remains unstudied in this region. Thus, this study aimed to assess renal abnormalities in SCD patients in Kisangani (northeastern DRC). Methods: This cross-sectional study included 98 sickle cell patients selected from six health facilities in Kisangani and 89 healthy non-sickle cell subjects as the control group. Based on a survey form, a clinical examination and biological tests were performed to collect data related to the sex, age, weight, height, pressure, serum creatinine, serum uric acid, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, and hemoglobin phenotype. We used a spectrophotometer to measure serum creatinine and uricemia, the sickle SCAN® device for hemoglobin phenotype, and an automatic multifunction analyzer for urine albumin/creatinine ratio. Data were entered into an Excel file and analyzed on SPSS 20.0. Results: The mean urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio was 11.79±9.03 mg/mmol in SCD patients, significantly higher than in AA (1.69±1.89 mg/mmol) and AS (2.97±4.46 mg/mmol) subjects. The decrease in glomerular filtration rate was more observed in SCD patients with hyperuricemia compared to those with normal uric acid levels. A significantly elevated prevalence of chronic kidney disease was observed among SCD patients (87.8%) compared to 23.8% in AS and 7.7% in AA subjects. Conclusions: This study highlighted that albuminuria and chronic kidney disease are common in SCD patients in Kisangani. More studies are needed to further document these complications.","[en] ","")
Disciplines :
Genetics & genetic processes
Author, co-author :
Kambale-Kombi, Paul;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Djang'eing'a, Roland Marini;  Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo ; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
Alworong'a Opara, Jean-Pierre;  Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Mbo Mukonkole, Jean-Paulin;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bours, Vincent ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de génétique
Tonen-Wolyec, Serge;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Mbumba Lupaka, Dieu-Merci;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bome, Lucien Bolukaoto;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Tshilumba, Charles Kayembe;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Batina-Agasa, Salomon;  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Language :
English
Title :
Renal Abnormalities among Sickle Cell Disease Patients in a Poor Management Setting: A Survey in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Publication date :
14 July 2022
Journal title :
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
ISSN :
2035-3006
Publisher :
Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, It
Volume :
14
Issue :
1
Pages :
e2022046
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 10 November 2022

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