[en] Chronic inflammation is recognized as a contributing factor to the development, progression and complications of atherosclerosis. The inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis has been proven by the presence of inflammatory cells, cytokines and chemokines at all stages of the disease. There is a widely accepted association between cardiovascular events and serum inflammatory markers, such as CRP, IL-6 and IL-1? produced via the inflammasome pathway. The involvement of inflammatory processes in atherosclerosis and progress in the therapeutic strategy are detailed in the article.