Article (Scientific journals)
Cryptococcosis in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1953 to 2021: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Zono, Bive; Kasumba, Dacquin Muhandwa; Situakibanza Nani-Tuma, Hippolyte et al.
2022In Mycoses
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Keywords :
Cryptococcus neoformans/Cryptococcus gattii; DRC; burden; cryptococcosis; meta-analysis; systematic review
Abstract :
[en] Cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic infection associated with HIV/AIDS. The present review systematically describes the clinical and biological aspects of cryptococcosis in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and estimates its 2020 burden in people living with HIV (PLHIV). Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched online databases for records of cryptococcosis/Cryptococcus spp. in the DRC. Meta-analysis was then performed to estimate summary statistics and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). A total of 30 studies were included. These included 1,018 cryptococcosis patients, including 80.8% with neuromeningeal cryptococcosis (NMC) and predominantly immunocompromised due to HIV/AIDS (97.6%). The NMC mean prevalence was estimated at 9.63% (95% CI: 5.99-14.07). More than one in two patients (52.7%) under treatment died. Monotherapy with fluconazole was the main treatment administered (80.6%). Furthermore, we estimate that about 9,265 (95% CI: 5,763-13,537) PLHIV had cryptococcosis in 2020, in DRC; of which about 4,883 (95% CI: 3,037-7,134) would have died in the same year. Among isolates in all included studies, 74 strains have been characterised. Of these, 82.4% concerned Cryptococcus neoformans sensu lato (s.l) (exclusively of serotype A and mostly of molecular types VNI and VNII) and 17.6% concerned Cryptotoccus gattii s.l (belonging to serotype B/molecular type VGI). Cryptococcosis remains common with an unacceptably high mortality rate. A large number of PLHIV affected by and dying from cryptococcosis in 2020 demonstrates its heavy burden among the Congolese PLHIV. To mitigate this burden, it is important to improve the quality and accessibility of care for all PLHIV.
Research center :
CIRM - Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Médicament - ULiège
Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire de la Faculté de Médecine/Université de Kinshasa
Disciplines :
Immunology & infectious disease
Laboratory medicine & medical technology
Author, co-author :
Zono, Bive  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Unités de recherche interfacultaires > Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Médicament (CIRM) ; Molecular Biology Service, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Kasumba, Dacquin Muhandwa;  Molecular Biology Service, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Situakibanza Nani-Tuma, Hippolyte;  Department of Internal Medicine/Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Bepouka Izizag, Ben;  Department of Internal Medicine/Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Yambayamba Kapenga, Marc;  Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kinshasa School of Public Health, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Nsuka Yanga, Ruth  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Faculté de Médecine > Doct. sc. bioméd. & pharma. (paysage) ; Molecular Biology Service, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Tshimanga Yona, Tshimy;  Department of Medical Biology, Higher Institute of Medical Techniques-Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Kamangu Ntambwe, Erick;  Molecular Biology Service, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
HAYETTE, Marie-Pierre ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de microbiologie clinique
Mvumbi Lelo, Georges;  Molecular Biology Service, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Language :
English
Title :
Cryptococcosis in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1953 to 2021: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Publication date :
01 April 2022
Journal title :
Mycoses
ISSN :
0933-7407
eISSN :
1439-0507
Publisher :
John Wiley and Sons Inc, Germany
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
ARES CCD - Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur. Coopération au Développement [BE]
Funding text :
This research was supported by the Académie de Recherche et d’Enseignement Supérieur (ARES‐Belgium) for its design
Available on ORBi :
since 25 May 2022

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