Article (Scientific journals)
The assessment of mitral valve disease: a guideline from the British Society of Echocardiography.
Robinson, Shaun; Ring, Liam; Augustine, Daniel X et al.
2021In Echo Research and Practice, 8 (1), p. 87-G136
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


Full Text
Author postprint (6.23 MB)

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to


Keywords :
mitral regurgitation; mitral stenosis; tranoesophageal echocardiography; transthoracic echocardiography
Abstract :
[en] Mitral valve disease is common. Mitral regurgitation is the second most frequent indication for valve surgery in Europe and despite the decline of rheumatic fever in Western societies, mitral stenosis of any aetiology is a regular finding in all echo departments. Mitral valve disease is, therefore, one of the most common pathologies encountered by echocardiographers, as both a primary indication for echocardiography and a secondary finding when investigating other cardiovascular disease processes. Transthoracic, transoesophageal and exercise stress echocardiography play a crucial role in the assessment of mitral valve disease and are essential to identifying the aetiology, mechanism and severity of disease, and for helping to determine the appropriate timing and method of intervention. This guideline from the British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) describes the assessment of mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis, and replaces previous BSE guidelines that describe the echocardiographic assessment of mitral anatomy prior to mitral valve repair surgery and percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty. It provides a comprehensive description of the imaging techniques (and their limitations) employed in the assessment of mitral valve disease. It describes a step-wise approach to identifying: aetiology and mechanism, disease severity, reparability and secondary effects on chamber geometry, function and pressures. Advanced echocardiographic techniques are described for both transthoracic and transoesophageal modalities, including TOE and exercise testing.
Disciplines :
Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Author, co-author :
Robinson, Shaun;  Peterborough City Hospital, North West Anglia NHS Foundation Trust, Peterborough,
Ring, Liam;  West Suffolk Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, UK.
Augustine, Daniel X;  Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Foundation Trust, Bath, UK. ; Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
Rekhraj, Sushma;  Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottongham, UK.
Oxborough, David;  Liverpool John Moores University, Research Institute for Sports and Exercise
Harkness, Allan;  Department of Cardiology, Colchester Hospital NHS Trust, Colchester, UK.
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
Rana, Bushra;  Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.
Language :
Title :
The assessment of mitral valve disease: a guideline from the British Society of Echocardiography.
Publication date :
27 September 2021
Journal title :
Echo Research and Practice
Publisher :
Bioscientifica, Gb
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 18 May 2022


Number of views
115 (0 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
298 (0 by ULiège)

Scopus citations®
Scopus citations®
without self-citations


Similar publications

Contact ORBi