Article (Scientific journals)
The number of tree species on Earth.
Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto; Reich, Peter B; Gamarra, Javier G P et al.
2022In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 119 (6), p. 2115329119
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Keywords :
biodiversity; forests; hyperdominance; rarity; richness; Multidisciplinary
Abstract :
[en] One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth. However, due to massive logistical and financial challenges and taxonomic difficulties connected to the species concept definition, the global numbers of species, including those of important and well-studied life forms such as trees, still remain largely unknown. Here, based on global ground-sourced data, we estimate the total tree species richness at global, continental, and biome levels. Our results indicate that there are ∼73,000 tree species globally, among which ∼9,000 tree species are yet to be discovered. Roughly 40% of undiscovered tree species are in South America. Moreover, almost one-third of all tree species to be discovered may be rare, with very low populations and limited spatial distribution (likely in remote tropical lowlands and mountains). These findings highlight the vulnerability of global forest biodiversity to anthropogenic changes in land use and climate, which disproportionately threaten rare species and thus, global tree richness.
Disciplines :
Environmental sciences & ecology
Author, co-author :
Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto ;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 ; Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna 40126, Italy ; Biological Institute, Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Reich, Peter B ;  Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, preich@umn.edu albeca.liang@gmail.com ; Institute for Global Change Biology and School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 ; Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith 2753, Australia
Gamarra, Javier G P;  Forestry Department, FAO, Rome 00153, Italy
Crowther, Tom;  Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zurich 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Hui, Cang ;  Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa ; Mathematical Biology Unit, African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg 7945, South Africa
Morera, Albert ;  Department of Crop and Forest Sciences, University of Lleida 25198 Lleida, Spain ; Joint Research Unit CTFC-AGROTECNIO-CERCA 25280 Solsona, Spain
Bastin, Jean-François  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > TERRA Research Centre
de-Miguel, Sergio ;  Department of Crop and Forest Sciences, University of Lleida 25198 Lleida, Spain ; Joint Research Unit CTFC-AGROTECNIO-CERCA 25280 Solsona, Spain
Nabuurs, Gert-Jan;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands
Svenning, Jens-Christian ;  Center for Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World (BIOCHANGE), Department of Biology, Aarhus University DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark ; Section for Ecoinformatics and Biodiversity, Department of Biology, Aarhus University DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Serra-Diaz, Josep M ;  AgroParisTech, INRAE, Silva, Université de Lorraine 5400 Nancy, France
Merow, Cory;  Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT 06268
Enquist, Brian;  Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721
Kamenetsky, Maria;  Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53704
Lee, Junho;  Statistics Program, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955, Saudi Arabia
Zhu, Jun;  Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706
Fang, Jinyun;  Institute of Botany, CAS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Jacobs, Douglass F;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907
Pijanowski, Bryan;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907
Banerjee, Arindam;  Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL 61801
Giaquinto, Robert A;  Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55108
Alberti, Giorgio ;  Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine 33100, Italy ; Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano-Bozen, Bolzano 39100, Italy
Almeyda Zambrano, Angelica Maria;  Spatial Ecology and Conservation Lab, Department of Tourism, Hospitality, and Events Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
Alvarez-Davila, Esteban;  Escuela de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Nacional (Colombia) Abierta y a Distancia, Bogotá 2102, Colombia
Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro;  Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Casilla 2489, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Avitabile, Valerio;  European Commission, Joint Research Centre 21027 Ispra, Italy
Aymard, Gerardo A;  Compensation International Progress S. A.-Ciprogress Greenlife, Bogotá, Colombia ; UNELLEZ-Guanare, Programa de Ciencias del Agro y el Mar, Herbario Universitario (PORT), Mesa de Cavacas, estado Portuguesa 3323, Venezuela
Balazy, Radomir;  Department of Geomatics, Forest Research Institute, Sękocin Stary, Raszyn 05-090, Poland
Baraloto, Chris;  International Center for Tropical Botany, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33133
Barroso, Jorcely G;  Forest Science Laboratory, Multidisciplinary Center, Universidade Federal do Acre, Cruzeiro do Sul 69920-900, Brazil
Bastian, Meredith L;  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A., Washington, DC 20001 ; Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-06080
Birnbaum, Philippe;  AMAP, Université de Montpellier, CIRAD, CNRS, INRAE, IRD, Montpellier 34090, France ; Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien, Equipe Sol & Végétation 98800 Noumea, New Caledonia
Bitariho, Robert;  Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Kabale, Uganda
Bogaert, Jan  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Biodiversité et Paysage
Bongers, Frans ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands
Bouriaud, Olivier ;  Integrated Center for Research, Development and Innovation in Advanced Materials, Nanotechnologies, and Distributed Systems for Fabrication and Control, University Stefan cel Mare of Suceava 720229 Suceava, Romania
Brancalion, Pedro H S ;  Department of Forest Sciences, "Luiz de Queiroz" College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba 13418-900, Brazil
Brearley, Francis Q;  Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, United Kingdom
Broadbent, Eben North;  Spatial Ecology and Conservation Lab, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
Bussotti, Filippo;  Department of Agriculture, Alimentation, Environment and Forestry, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze 50144, Italy
Castro da Silva, Wendeson;  Amazonia Green Landscape Protection and Governance Programme, SOS Amazônia, Rio Branco 69905-082, Brazil ; Laboratory of Botany and Plant Ecology, Center of Biological and Nature Sciences, Federal University of Acre, Rio Branco 69920-900, Brazil
César, Ricardo Gomes ;  Department of Forest Sciences, "Luiz de Queiroz" College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba 13418-900, Brazil
Češljar, Goran;  Department of Spatial Regulation, GIS and Forest Policy, Institute of Forestry 11030 Belgrade, Serbia
Chama Moscoso, Víctor;  Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco 08000, Peru
Chen, Han Y H ;  Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada P7B 5E1
Cienciala, Emil ;  Institute of Forest Ecosystem Research 254 01 Jilove u Prahy, Czech Republic ; Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Clark, Connie J;  Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
Coomes, David A ;  Department of Plant Sciences in the Conservation Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
Dayanandan, Selvadurai;  Quebec Center for Biodiversity Sciences, Centre for Sustainability Research, CSFG and Biology Department, Concordia University, Montreal, ON QC H3G 1M8, Canada
Decuyper, Mathieu;  Laboratory for Geoinformation Science and Remote Sensing, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands ; World Agroforestry (ICRAF), Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Dee, Laura E;  Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106
Del Aguila Pasquel, Jhon;  Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana, Iquitos, Peru
Derroire, Géraldine;  Cirad, UMREcoFoG (Agroparistech, CNRS, INRAE, Université des Antilles, Université de Guyane) 97 310 Kourou, French Guiana
Djuikouo, Marie Noel Kamdem ;  Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Van Do, Tran ;  Silviculture Rearch Institute, Vietnamese Academy of Forest Sciences, Hanoi, Vietnam
Dolezal, Jiri;  Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Science 25243 Průhonice, Czech Republic ; Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
Đorđević, Ilija Đ;  Department of Spatial Regulation, GIS and Forest Policy, Institute of Forestry 11030 Belgrade, Serbia
Engel, Julien;  AMAP, IRD, CIRAD, CNRS, INRAE, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier Cedex 5 F-34398, France
Fayle, Tom M;  School of Biological and Behavioural Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom
Feldpausch, Ted R ;  College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PY, United Kingdom
Fridman, Jonas K;  Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala 750 07, Sweden
Harris, David J;  Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, United Kingdom
Hemp, Andreas;  Department of Plant Systematics, University of Bayreuth 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
Hengeveld, Geerten;  Biometris & Forest and Nature Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands
Herault, Bruno;  CIRAD, UPR Forêts et Sociétés, Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire ; Forêts et Sociétés, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, Montpellier 34000, France ; Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire
Herold, Martin;  Laboratory for Geoinformation Science and Remote Sensing, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands ; Section 1.4 Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics, Helmholtz GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam 14473, Germany
Ibanez, Thomas;  Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien, Equipe Sol & Végétation 98800, New Caledonia ; Department of Biology, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720
Jagodzinski, Andrzej M;  Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kornik 62-035, Poland
Jaroszewicz, Bogdan ;  Białowieża Geobotanical Station, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw 17-230, Poland
Jeffery, Kathryn J ;  Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, United Kingdom
Johannsen, Vivian Kvist;  Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen 1165, Denmark
Jucker, Tommaso;  School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
Kangur, Ahto;  Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu 51006, Estonia
Karminov, Victor N;  Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
Kartawinata, Kuswata;  Integrative Research Center, The Field Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 ; Herbarium Bogoriense, Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences/Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Cibinong Science Center, Cibinong 16912 Indonesia
Kennard, Deborah K ;  Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, CO 81501-3122
Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian;  Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1017, Denmark
Keppel, Gunnar;  UniSA STEM and Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia 5001 Adelaide, Australia
Khan, Mohammed Latif;  Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Sagar 470003, India
Khare, Pramod Kumar;  Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Madhya Pradesh Sagar-470003, India
Kileen, Timothy J;  Museo de Historia natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Kim, Hyun Seok ;  Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Bioresources, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea ; Interdisciplinary Program in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea ; National Center for AgroMeteorology, Seoul 08826, South Korea ; Institute of Future Environmental and Forest Resources, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
Korjus, Henn;  Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu 51006, Estonia
Kumar, Amit;  Department of Geoinformatics, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi 835205, Jharkhand, India
Kumar, Ashwani;  Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Sagar 470003, India
Laarmann, Diana;  Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu 51006, Estonia
Labrière, Nicolas ;  Laboratoire Évolution et Diversité Biologique, UMR 5174 (CNRS/IRD/UPS) 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
Lang, Mait;  Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu 51006, Estonia ; Tartu Observatory, University of Tartu, Tartu 61602, Estonia
Lewis, Simon L;  School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom ; Department of Geography, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
Lukina, Natalia;  Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
Maitner, Brian S ;  Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721
Malhi, Yadvinder ;  Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Marshall, Andrew R;  Forest Research Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs QLD 4556, Australia ; Department of Environment and Geography, University of York YO10 5NG, United Kingdom
Martynenko, Olga V;  All-Russian Institute of Continuous Education in Forestry 141200 Pushkino, Moscow region, Russia
Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel L;  Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru
Ontikov, Petr V;  FSBI "ROSLESINFORG," 141208 Ivanteevka, Moscow region, Russia
Ortiz-Malavasi, Edgar;  Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Insttuto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago 30101, Costa Rica
Pallqui Camacho, Nadir C;  Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru
Paquette, Alain;  Département des sciences biologiques, Centre for Forest Research, Université du Québec à Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8
Park, Minjee;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907
Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy;  Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014, India
Peri, Pablo Luis ;  Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria-Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral-CONICET, Río Gallegos CP 9400, Argentina
Petronelli, Pascal;  Cirad, UMREcoFoG (Agroparistech, CNRS, INRAE, Université des Antilles, Université de Guyane) 97 310 Kourou, French Guiana
Pfautsch, Sebastian;  Urban Ecosystem Research, School of Social Science, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
Phillips, Oliver L ;  School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Picard, Nicolas;  Forestry Department, FAO, Rome 00153, Italy ; Groupement d'Intérêt Public (GIP) Ecofor, Paris 75116, France
Piotto, Daniel;  Laboratory of Tropical Dendrology and Forestry, Training Center in Agroforestry Sciences, Federal University of Southern Bahia, Ilheus 45613-204, Brazil
Poorter, Lourens ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen 6700 AA, The Netherlands
Poulsen, John R ;  Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708
Pretzsch, Hans;  School of Life Sciences, Chair of Forest Growth and Yield Science, Technical University of Munich 85354 Freising, Germany
Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma;  Instituto de Investigaciones paa el Desarrollo Forestal, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida 5101, Venezuela
Restrepo Correa, Zorayda;  Escuela Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
Rodeghiero, Mirco;  Agriculture Food Environment Centre (C3A), University of Trento, San Michele all'Adige 38122, Italy ; Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all'Adige 38010, Italy
Rojas Gonzáles, Rocío Del Pilar;  Herbario Selva Central (HOXA), Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Oxapampa, Pasco Mz.E-6, Peru
Rolim, Samir G;  Laboratory of Tropical Dendrology and Forestry, Training Center in Agroforestry Sciences, Federal University of Southern Bahia, Ilheus 45613-204, Brazil
Rovero, Francesco;  Department of Biology, University of Florence 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy ; MUSE-Museo delle Scienze 38122 Trento, Italy
Rutishauser, Ervan;  InfoFlora, Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de Genève 1292 Chambesy, Switzerland
Saikia, Purabi;  Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi 835205, India
Salas-Eljatib, Christian ;  Centro de Modelacion y Monitoreo de Ecosistemas, Universidad Mayor, Universidad de La Frontera, Santiago, Chile ; Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Postgrado, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile ; Departamento de Silvicultura y Cons. de la Naturaleza, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 8820808, Chile
Schepaschenko, Dmitry ;  Sukachev Institute of Forest of the SB Russian Academy of Sciences 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia ; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg A-2361, Austria
Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael;  Faculty of Biology, Geobotany, University of Freiburg 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Šebeň, Vladimír;  National Forest Centre 96001 Zvolen, Slovakia
Silveira, Marcos ;  Laboratory of Botany and Plant Ecology, Center of Biological and Nature Sciences, Federal University of Acre, Rio Branco 69920-900, Brazil
Slik, Ferry ;  Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam BE1410 Gadong, Brunei
Sonké, Bonaventure ;  Plant Systematic and Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Higher Teachers' Training College, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Souza, Alexandre F;  CB, Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59072-970, Brazil
Stereńczak, Krzysztof Jan;  Department of Geomatics, Forest Research Institute, Sękocin Stary, Raszyn 05-090, Poland
Svoboda, Miroslav;  Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague 16521 Prague, Czech Republic
Taedoumg, Hermann;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon ; Bioversity International, IITA Regional Office in Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon
Tchebakova, Nadja;  Sukachev Institute of Forest of the SB Russian Academy of Sciences 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Terborgh, John ;  Department of Biology and Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 ; School of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns QLD 4878, Australia
Tikhonova, Elena;  Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
Torres-Lezama, Armando;  Instituto de Investigaciones paa el Desarrollo Forestal, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida 5101, Venezuela
van der Plas, Fons;  Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity, Institute of Biology, Leipzig University 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Vásquez, Rodolfo;  Herbario Selva Central (HOXA), Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Oxapampa, Pasco Mz.E-6, Peru
Viana, Helder;  Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, CITAB, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD, Quinta de Prados 5000-801 Vila Real, Viseu, Portugal ; Department of Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture, Agricultural High School, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu 3500-606 Viseu, Portugal
Vibrans, Alexander C;  Department of Forest Engineering, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau-Santa Catarina 89030, Brazil
Vilanova, Emilio;  Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
Vos, Vincent A;  Universidad Autónoma del Beni, Riberalta, Beni 2W3Q+VHJ, Bolivia
Wang, Hua-Feng;  Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources of Ministry of Education, School of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
Westerlund, Bertil;  Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå 750 07, Sweden
White, Lee J T;  Ministere des Eaux, des Forets, de la Mer et de l'Environnement chargé du Plan Climat et Objectifs de Development Durable, Estuaire Libreville, Gabon ; Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale, Libreville, Gabon ; Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling FK9 4LA, United Kingdom
Wiser, Susan K ;  Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand
Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Tomasz;  State Forests-Coordination Centre for Environmental Projects, Warsaw 02-362, Poland
Zemagho, Lise;  Plant Systematic and Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Higher Teachers' Training College, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Zhu, Zhi-Xin;  Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources of Ministry of Education, School of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
Zo-Bi, Irié C;  Département FOREN, Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Yamoussoukro BP 1093, Côte d'Ivoire
Liang, Jingjing ;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, preich@umn.edu albeca.liang@gmail.com
More authors (138 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
The number of tree species on Earth.
Publication date :
08 February 2022
Journal title :
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
ISSN :
0027-8424
eISSN :
1091-6490
Publisher :
National Academy of Sciences, United States
Volume :
119
Issue :
6
Pages :
e2115329119
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
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