Reference : Steroids and neuroprotection: New advances.
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Steroids and neuroprotection: New advances.
Garcia-Segura, Luis M [> > > >]
Balthazart, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie de la différenciation sexuelle du cerveau >]
Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
Academic Press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Brain/metabolism ; Brain Injuries/physiopathology ; Gonadal Steroid Hormones/physiology ; Humans ; Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology/prevention & control
[en] Gonadal hormones exert neuroprotective actions. In addition, it has become evident that the local synthesis of these molecules in the central nervous system may prevent or reduce neurodegeneration.The neuroprotective actions of steroids involve neurons, glial cells and blood vessels, are exerted via steroid receptor signaling initiated at the nuclear or membrane level and steroid receptor independent mechanisms. They include the regulation of phosphatases and kinases and the regulation of the expression of molecules controlling inflammation and apoptosis. In addition, mitochondria have emerged as new central targets for neuroprotective actions of steroids. These neuroprotective actions have been documented in different experimental models of neurological alterations, including motoneuron injury, Parkinson's disease, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, stroke and Alzheimer's disease. In addition, steroids promote serotonergic neuronal function and protect against affective disorders. This special issue of Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology contains a collection of reviews of the most recent ideas and findings on these various aspects of sex steroid-dependent neuroprotection

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