Article (Scientific journals)
Impact of microprocessor prosthetic knee on mobility and quality of life in patients with lower limb amputation: a systematic review of the literature.
Thibaut, Aurore; Beaudart, Charlotte; Maertens de Noordhout, Benoit et al.
2022In European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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Abstract :
[en] INTRODUCTION: Advanced technologies have made available the development of microprocessor prosthetic knee (MPK) to improve autonomy of patients with lower limb amputation. AIM: In the present systematic review, we aimed to evaluate the impact of the use of all types of MPK on patients' functional status and quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted this review according to the PRISMA Guidelines on Medline (via Ovid), Scopus and SportDiscuss. All identified articles were screened for their eligibility by two reviewers using Covidence software. The Cochrane Risk of Bias (RoB) or the NIH Quality Assessment Tool were used to assess the quality of the studies. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Eighteen articles were included in the present review (7 randomized controlled trials - RCT), 6 cross-sectional and 5 follow-up studies). Number of participants included varied from 20 to 602, protocols' length varied from a single session to 12 weeks of use of MPK. Taken together, MPK users compared to NMPK users tend to present better functional status and mobility. Quality of life was also positively impacted in MPK users. On the other hand, the superiority of more advanced MPKs such as the Genium® is less clear, especially given the improvements over time of other MPKs such as the C-leg® and the Rheo knee®. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, while it is clear that MPKs outperform NMPKs both for functional status and quality of life, additional benefits of one MPK over another is less clear. Future studies are needed to clarify these aspects.
Disciplines :
Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine
Author, co-author :
Thibaut, Aurore ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group ; CHU Liège - Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège > Centre du Cerveau²
Beaudart, Charlotte ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé publique, Epidémiologie et Economie de la santé
Maertens de Noordhout, Benoit
Geers, Sybille
Kaux, Jean-François  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la motricité > Médecine physique, réadaptation et traumatologie du sport
Pelzer, Doriane  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Autres Services Médicaux > Service de médecine de l'appareil locomoteur
Language :
English
Title :
Impact of microprocessor prosthetic knee on mobility and quality of life in patients with lower limb amputation: a systematic review of the literature.
Publication date :
2022
Journal title :
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
ISSN :
1973-9087
eISSN :
1973-9095
Publisher :
Edizioni Minerva Medica, Turin, Italy
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 13 February 2022

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