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One Health, One Territory
Barcelloni Corte, Martina
2021Designing cities in a changing world Towards an urban One Health approach
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Keywords :
One Health; Territory; Urban
Abstract :
[en] Urbanisation involves today dramatic anthropogenic modifications of the landscape, causing fragmentation, degradation, replacement or complete loss of natural ecosystems. While rapid urbanisation fragments ecological systems producing smaller and smaller patches within cities, forests or parks are created ex novo –through replantation– to mitigate fragmentation. This double dynamic has produced and is producing a whole new set of socio-ecological interactions between humans, and between humans and other species, from the local to the global levels and scales. Greening and rewilding cities have positive but also negative implications (e.g. introduction of vectors and hosts of infectious diseases) for human and more widely ecosystem health function. This example brings forward the urgent need for systemic and integrated approaches to health looking at the strong interdependence of human health with animal and ecosystem health. The so-called One Health (OH) approach is based on the inexorable links between human, animal, and ecosystem health and on the added value of interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral collaborations in this domain. The OH approach has recently gained a lot of momentum with the impact of human activity on ecosystems and the growing number of emerging infectious diseases and their globalisation (e.g. Ebola, SARS, and Covid-19), however it is still poorly recognised in the context of urban health. Programmes such as “Healthy Cities” from the WHO with more than 20 years and 1000 cities around the world, have neglected this systemic approach to health. On the contrary the OH agenda seems a very promising pathway within the so-called “urban and ecological transition”.
Disciplines :
Arts & humanities: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Author, co-author :
Barcelloni Corte, Martina  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'Architecture > Département d'Architecture
Language :
English
Title :
One Health, One Territory
Publication date :
30 November 2021
Event name :
Designing cities in a changing world Towards an urban One Health approach
Event organizer :
EPFL, ULiège, UNIGE
Event place :
Lausanne, Switzerland
Event date :
from 30.11 to 1-12-2021
By request :
Yes
Audience :
International
Peer reviewed :
Editorial reviewed
Commentary :
The Seminar was addressed to doctoral students in the fields of Architecture, Urbanism, Global Health & Humanities and Social Sciences, interested in the use of the One Health concept (OH) as a tool to tackle urban themes (the city, the territory and the ways in which we inhabit them). Scientific training in OH methods requires innovation, in order to take into account, on the one hand, the rapid evolution of the socio-spatial realities under study, and on the other, the variety of languages, techniques, and scales involved in the description and analysis. The seminar was based on a double and reciprocal hypothesis. The OH approach contains a strong potential for “resetting” territories towards a more holistic balance, towards a greater habitability/co-habitability of their different parts and the development of symbiotic relationships (virtuous co-habitation) between urban and ecosystem functions. Symmetrically, the OH agenda could be consistently fed by a spatial approach especially within the urban domain. The Seminar aimed to deal with three particular OH objectives: the reconnection of humans to their natural past and acceptance of their place in/dependence on the planet’s ecosystems; the recognition of human dependence on ecosystem services; the recognition of human development’s impact and acceptance of responsibility toward future generations.
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since 05 January 2022

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