Reference : Emission of CO2 and CH4 to the atmosphere by sediments and open waters in two Tanzani...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Emission of CO2 and CH4 to the atmosphere by sediments and open waters in two Tanzanian mangrove forests
Kristensen, Erik [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Océanographie chimique >]
Flindt, Mogens R. [> > > >]
Ulomi, Shadrack [> > > >]
Borges, Alberto mailto [> > > >]
Abril, Gwenaël [> > > >]
Bouillon, Steven [> > > >]
Marine Ecology. Progress Series
Inter-Research Science Publishing
Oldendorf Luhe
[en] Carbon gas balance was evaluated in an anthropogenically impacted (Mtoni) and a pristine
(Ras Dege) mangrove forest in Tanzania. Exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) was measured for
inundated and air-exposed sediments during day and night using in situ and laboratory incubations.
In situ methane (CH4) emissions were measured in the dark during air exposure only. Emission of
CO2 and CH4 from open waters (e.g. creeks) was estimated from diurnal measurements of CO2, partial
pressure (pCO2) and CH4 concentrations. CO2 emission from darkened sediments devoid of biogenic
structures was comparable during inundation and air exposure (28 to 115 mmol m–2 d–1) with
no differences between mangrove forests. Benthic primary production was low with only occasional
net uptake of CO2 by the sediments. Emissions of CH4 from air-exposed sediment were generally 3
orders of magnitude lower than for CO2. Presence of pneumatophores and crab burrows increased
low tide emissions several fold. Emissions from open waters were dependent on tidal level and wind
speed. Lowest emission occurred during high tide (1 to 6 mmol CO2 m–2 d–1; 10 to 80 μmol CH4 m–2
d–1) and highest during low tide (30 to 80 mmol CO2 m–2 d–1; 100 to 350 μmol CH4 m–2 d–1) when
supersaturated runoff from the forest floor and porewater seepage reached the creek water. Based on
global average primary production and measured gas emissions, the carbon gas balance of the 2
mangrove forests was estimated. The densely vegetated Ras Dege forest appears to be an efficient
sink of greenhouse carbon gases, while extensive clear-cutting at the Mtoni forest apparently has
reduced its capacity to absorb CO2, although it is seemingly still a net sink for atmospheric CO2.

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