Article (Scientific journals)
Coercion versus facilitation: Context and the implementation of anti-FGM/C law
Meroka-Mutua, Agnes; Mwanga, Daniel; Ostermann, Susan L. et al.
2021In Law and Society Review, 55, p. 587–613
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Keywords :
Female genital mutilation/cutting (“FGM/C”); Legal compliance; Implementation of Law
Abstract :
[en] A common policy response to female genital mutilation/cutting (“FGM/C”) is the enactment of criminal prohibitions. The implementation of such prohibitions requires significant state capacity, which is often associated with the coercion. We examine compliance with anti-FGM/C law in Burkina Faso and Kenya, two countries which are thought to have markedly different state capacity and where the practice of FGM/C has been widespread. Using a hard-case comparison and both qualitative and quantitative approaches, including a list experiment to elicit accurate responses regarding the current state of FGM/C practice, we find that Burkina Faso and Kenya have achieved comparatively similar compliance with their respective anti-FGM/C laws. We explain this surprising finding by pointing to the different implementation approaches taken by each state, one coercive and one facilitative, and the degree to which those approaches were well-matched to the attitudes of their respective populations. This paired comparison suggests that coercively weak states may still be able to secure compliance with their laws. It also suggests that academics and policymakers alike should consider the numerous other capacities states possess beyond simple coercion.
Disciplines :
Law, criminology & political science: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Author, co-author :
Meroka-Mutua, Agnes;  Law & African Women Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Mwanga, Daniel;  Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya
Ostermann, Susan L.;  Global Affairs & Political Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA
Wouango, Joséphine  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Département des sciences sociales
Language :
Title :
Coercion versus facilitation: Context and the implementation of anti-FGM/C law
Publication date :
December 2021
Journal title :
Law and Society Review
Publisher :
Blackwell, Oxford, United Kingdom
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
Evidence to end FGM/C: Research to Help Women and Girls Strive
Funders :
DFID, United Kingdom
Available on ORBi :
since 20 December 2021


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