Reference : Characteristics of positive deviants in western Chimpanzee populations
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Life sciences : Zoology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/262212
Characteristics of positive deviants in western Chimpanzee populations
English
Heinicke, S. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
Mundry, R. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany]
Boesch, C. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Amarasekaran, B. [Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Freetown, Sierra Leone]
Barrie, A. [Bumbuna Watershed Management Authority, Freetown, Sierra Leone]
Brncic, T. [Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Freetown, Sierra Leone]
Brugière, D. [Projets Biodiversité et Ressources Naturelles BRL Ingénierie, Nîmes, France]
Campbell, G. [The Biodiversity Consultancy Ltd., Cambridge, United Kingdom]
Carvalho, J. [Faculty of Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom]
Danquah, E. [Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana]
Dowd, D. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Eshuis, H. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany]
Fleury-Brugière, M.-C. [Independent Consultant, Nîmes, France]
Gamys, J. [Conservation International, Monrovia, Liberia]
Ganas, J. [Independent Biodiversity Consultant, Slinger, WI, United States]
Gatti, S. [West African Primate Conservation Action, Accra, Ghana]
Ginn, L. [Anthropology Center for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom]
Goedmakers, A. [Chimbo Foundation, Amsterdam, Netherlands]
Granier, Nicolas [Université de Liège - ULiège > > >]
Herbinger, I. [WWF Germany, Berlin, Germany]
Hillers, A. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom]
Jones, S. [RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom, School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, United Kingdom]
Junker, J. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
Kouakou, C. Y. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Cote d'Ivoire, Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Lapeyre, V. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Leinert, V. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany]
Marrocoli, S. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
Molokwu-Odozi, M. [Fauna and Flora International, Monrovia, Liberia]
N'Goran, P. K. [World Wide Fund for Nature, Regional Office for Africa - Yaoundé Hub, Yaoundé, Cameroon]
Normand, E. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Pacheco, L. [Jane Goodall Institute Spain, Dindefelo Community Nature Reserve, Kédougou, Senegal]
Regnaut, S. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, International Union for Conservation of Nature, West and Central Africa Programs, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso]
Sop, T. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
Ton, E. [Chimbo Foundation, Amsterdam, Netherlands]
Schijndel, J. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Chimbo Foundation, Amsterdam, Netherlands]
Vendras, E. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Country Office Poland, Warsaw, Poland]
Vergnes, V. [Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (West Africa Representation), Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire]
Welsh, A. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany]
Wessling, E. G. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
Kühl, H. S. [Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Leipzig-Jena, Leipzig, Germany]
2019
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Frontiers Media S.A.
7
FEB
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
2296-701X
Switzerland
[en] Behavioral change ; Conservation planning ; Hunting ; Mimicking ; Pan troglodytes verus ; Positive deviance ; West Africa
[en] With continued expansion of anthropogenically modified landscapes, the proximity between humans and wildlife is continuing to increase, frequently resulting in species decline. Occasionally however, species are able to persist and there is an increased interest in understanding such positive outliers and underlying mechanisms. Eventually, such insights can inform the design of effective conservation interventions by mimicking aspects of the social-ecological conditions found in areas of species persistence. Recently, frameworks have been developed to study the heterogeneity of species persistence across populations with a focus on positive outliers. Applications are still rare, and to our knowledge this is one of the first studies using this approach for terrestrial species conservation. We applied the positive deviance concept to the western chimpanzee, which occurs in a variety of social-ecological landscapes. It is now categorized as Critically Endangered due to hunting and habitat loss and resulting excessive decline of most of its populations. Here we are interested in understanding why some of the populations did not decline. We compiled a dataset of 17,109 chimpanzee survey transects (10,929 km) across nine countries and linked them to a range of social and ecological variables. We found that chimpanzees seemed to persist within three social-ecological configurations: first, rainforest habitats with a low degree of human impact, second, steep areas, and third, areas with high prevalence of hunting taboos and low degree of human impact. The largest chimpanzee populations are nowadays found under the third social-ecological configuration, even though most of these areas are not officially protected. Most commonly chimpanzee conservation has been based on exclusion of threats by creation of protected areas and law enforcement. Our findings suggest, however, that this approach should be complemented by an additional focus on threat reduction, i.e., interventions that directly target individual human behavior that is most threatening to chimpanzees, which is hunting. Although changing human behavior is difficult, stakeholder co-designed behavioral change approaches developed in the social sciences have been used successfully to promote pro-environmental behavior. With only a fraction of chimpanzees and primates living inside protected areas, such new approaches might be a way forward to improve primate conservation. © 2019 Heinicke, Mundry, Boesch, Amarasekaran, Barrie, Brncic, Brugière, Campbell, Carvalho, Danquah, Dowd, Eshuis, Fleury-Brugière, Gamys, Ganas, Gatti, Ginn, Goedmakers, Granier, Herbinger, Hillers, Jones, Junker, Kouakou, Lapeyre, Leinert, Marrocoli, Molokwu-Odozi, N'Goran, Normand, Pacheco, Regnaut, Sop, Ton, van Schijndel, Vendras, Vergnes, Welsh, Wessling and Kühl.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/262212
10.3389/fevo.2019.00016

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