Article (Scientific journals)
Le télétravail à Bruxelles avant la crise de la Covid-19
Uyttebrouck, Constance; Wilmotte, Pierre-François; Teller, Jacques
2022In Revue d'Économie Régionale et Urbaine, 2022 (1), p. 115-142
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Keywords :
Dimension spatiale; Belgique; Enquête sur les Forces de Travail; Profils socio-économiques; Télétravail intensif; Spatial dimension; Belgium; Labour Force Survey; Socioeconomic profiles; Intensive telework
Abstract :
[en] In Belgium, as in many other parts of the worlds, several workers have been confronted with extensive telework during the Covid-19 pandemic. Initially enabled under labour markets’ flexibilisation and the advent of information and communication technologies, telework has expanded over time. However, the diversity of teleworkers’ profiles and their location remain under-researched. Our study aims to improve knowledge about the likeliness of part-time and intensive telework practices, before the Covid-19 crisis, in Belgium and Brussels. More specifically, we examined two research questions: who are the Belgian and Brussels’ intensive teleworkers, and how are all teleworkers (regardless of the intensity of their practice) spread on the national territory? To address these questions, we used individual data from the Belgian Labour Force Survey. We conducted a logistical regression to identify the explanatory variables of intensive telework before descriptive statistical processing to complete the teleworkers’ profiles (including part-time practices) and highlight the spatial dimension of telework. Our results underline the impact of various factors on telework, including education level, job occupation and home-work distance. We also show that both residents and workers of the Brussels’ Capital Region and its surroundings are more subject to telework. Our conclusions situate these findings in the pandemic context and reflect on the possible impact that an expansion of telework practices could have on Brussels’ attractiveness. Through this paper, we plead for a better consideration of telework in urban development policies. Also, we encourage the use of the Labour Force Survey as a relevant database for further research on telework.
Research center :
Lepur : Centre de Recherche sur la Ville, le Territoire et le Milieu rural - ULiège
UEE - Urban and Environmental Engineering - ULiège
Sphères - SPHERES
Disciplines :
Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation...)
Regional & inter-regional studies
Human geography & demography
Author, co-author :
Uyttebrouck, Constance   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Lepur(Centre rech.sur la Ville,le le Milieu rural)
Wilmotte, Pierre-François   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Lepur(Centre rech.sur la Ville,le le Milieu rural)
Teller, Jacques   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire
 These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Language :
Title :
Le télétravail à Bruxelles avant la crise de la Covid-19
Alternative titles :
[en] Telework in Brussels before the Covid-19 crisis
Publication date :
10 February 2022
Journal title :
Revue d'Économie Régionale et Urbaine
Publisher :
Armand Colin, Paris, France
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
IWEPS - Institut Wallon de l'Évaluation, de la Prospective et de la Statistique [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 08 July 2021


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