Poster (Scientific congresses and symposiums)
The sense of presence: Validation of a new presence questionnaire
Heck, Michelle; Wagener, Aurélie; Simon, Jessica
2021Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences
Editorial reviewed


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Keywords :
Presence; Immersion; Virtual reality
Abstract :
[en] Over the past few decades, virtual reality (VR) has become a valuable tool in research and clinical psychology (Riva et al., 2020). The sense of presence is defined as the user’s feeling of being inside the virtual environment and is a key concept of immersion in VR (Diemer et al., 2015). Although several self-reported presence questionnaires already exist, very few of them are validated in French, and generally fail to integrate the assessment of the social aspects induced by the avatars present in the virtual environment. In order to address these issues, the present study aimed at validating a new questionnaire of presence based on Slater’s model (2009) and on Biocca and colleagues’ model (2003). In particular, we based our questionnaire on the assessment of four dimensions of presence: place presence, plausibility presence, social presence and copresence. We developed a 12-item questionnaire and validated it in a VR snowball fight game among 149 participants. Confirmatory factor analysis with four latent variables revealed a good fit of the data to the model (χ2(48)=59.12, p=.13, RMSEA=.39, SRMR=.38; CFI=.99; TLI=.99). Furthermore, we observed good internal consistency (place presence: α =.88, plausibility: α =.92, social presence: α =.80, copresence: α =.70). In conclusion, it seems like this new questionnaire could accurately assess the sense of presence in French-speaking participants.
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Heck, Michelle  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Master sc. psycho., à fin.
Wagener, Aurélie  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la santé
Simon, Jessica  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie quantitative
Language :
Title :
The sense of presence: Validation of a new presence questionnaire
Publication date :
28 May 2021
Event name :
Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences
Event date :
18th May 2021
Peer reviewed :
Editorial reviewed
Available on ORBi :
since 08 June 2021


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