Article (Scientific journals)
Clinical and advanced neurophysiology in the prognostic and diagnostic evaluation of disorders of consciousness: review of an IFCN-endorsed expert group
Comanducci, A.; Boly, M.; Claassen, J. et al.
2020In Clinical Neurophysiology
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Keywords :
EEG
Abstract :
[en] The analysis of spontaneous EEG activity and evoked potentials is a cornerstone of the instrumental evaluation of patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). The past few years have witnessed an unprecedented surge in EEG-related research applied to the prediction and detection of recovery of consciousness after severe brain injury, opening up the prospect that new concepts and tools may be available at the bedside. This paper provides a comprehensive, critical overview of both consolidated and investigational electrophysiological techniques for the prognostic and diagnostic assessment of DoC. We describe conventional clinical EEG approaches, then focus on evoked and event-related potentials, and finally we analyze the potential of novel research findings. In doing so, we (i) draw a distinction between acute, prolonged and chronic phases of DoC, (ii) attempt to relate both clinical and research findings to the underlying neuronal processes and (iii) discuss technical and conceptual caveats. The primary aim of this narrative review is to bridge the gap between standard and emerging electrophysiological measures for the detection and prediction of recovery of consciousness. The ultimate scope is to provide a reference and common ground for academic researchers active in the field of neurophysiology and clinicians engaged in intensive care unit and rehabilitation. © 2020 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Research center :
CHU de Liège-Centre du Cerveau² - ULiège
Disciplines :
Neurology
Author, co-author :
Comanducci, A.;  IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy
Boly, M.;  Department of Neurology and Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States, Wisconsin Institute for Sleep and Consciousness, Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States
Claassen, J.;  Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, United States
De Lucia, M.;  Laboratoire de Recherche en Neuroimagerie, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Gibson, R. M.;  The Brain and Mind Institute and the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western Interdisciplinary Research Building, N6A 5B7 University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
Juan, E.;  Wisconsin Institute for Sleep and Consciousness, Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States, Amsterdam Brain and Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Giga Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Naccache, L.;  Inserm U 1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière, ICM, Paris, France, Sorbonne Université, UPMC Université Paris 06, Faculté de Médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
Owen, A. M.;  The Brain and Mind Institute and the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western Interdisciplinary Research Building, N6A 5B7 University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
Rosanova, M.;  Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences “L. Sacco”, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, Fondazione Europea per la Ricerca Biomedica Onlus, Milan, 20063, Italy
Rossetti, A. O.;  Neurology Service, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Schnakers, Caroline ;  Research Institute, Casa Colina Hospital and Centers for Healthcare, Pomona, CA, United States
Sitt, J. D.;  Inserm U 1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière, ICM, Paris, France
Schiff, N. D.;  Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, United States
Massimini, M.;  IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences “L. Sacco”, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
More authors (5 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Clinical and advanced neurophysiology in the prognostic and diagnostic evaluation of disorders of consciousness: review of an IFCN-endorsed expert group
Publication date :
2020
Journal title :
Clinical Neurophysiology
ISSN :
1388-2457
eISSN :
1872-8952
Publisher :
Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
H2020 - 686764 - LUMINOUS - Studying, Measuring and Altering Consciousness through information theory in the electrical brain
Funders :
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020: 686764Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020: 720270, 785907James S. McDonnell Foundation, JSMFFundação BialNational Institutes of Health, NIH: R01 NS106014, R03 NS112760King Baudouin Foundation United States, KBFUSEurostarsJTC2019177873, 168437Rotary Club of EurekaDana FoundationNational Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFCNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NINDS
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
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