Article (Scientific journals)
Sustainable Habitat In Burkina Faso: Social Trajectories, Logics And Motivations For The Use Of Compressed Earth Block For Housing Construction In Ouagadougou
Zoungrana, Ousmane; Bologo/Traore, Maimouna; Hema, Césaire et al.
2020In WIT: Transactions on the Built Environment, 195, p. 165-172
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Keywords :
compressed earth block; housing; social distiction; sustainable development; Burkina Faso
Abstract :
[en] This study explores the logics, motivations and issues related to the construction of sustainable housing made of compressed earth blocks (CEB) material in the city of Ouagadougou. In Burkina Faso, a landlocked country with limited natural resources and predominantly warm dry climate, most buildings are made of local materials. Historically, people built their habitats using mud brick (adobe). However, with the irreversible process of urbanization, the construction sector recorded changes with an increase in concrete-based, hollow cement blocks (HCB) constructions. Besides this trend, individualistic strategies are moving towards other types of materials such as CEB. Throughout a qualitative approach, the present study intends to show that the use of eco-materials, like the CEB, is the concern of middle class population who has broken with the “all in concrete” in the construction of their housing. This study also reveals that the owners of CEB-based housing are mostly city dwellers endowed with considerable cultural and economic capital. It also briefly reveals that the logic behind the use of the CEB is based on the social distinction of city dwellers, having both a romantic and Romanesque vision of earth-based construction. Moreover, this mode of construction is associated with a post-modern vision of sustainable development (less energy and resources consuming constructions, reduction of the electricity bill, etc), but also with an ecological reasoning that cannot be afforded by the common population in Burkina Faso.
Research center :
OMER - Laboratoire Observer les Mondes en Recomposition
Disciplines :
Anthropology
Author, co-author :
Zoungrana, Ousmane ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > IRSS
Bologo/Traore, Maimouna
Hema, Césaire
Nshimiyimana, Philbert  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > UEE
Pirotte, Gautier  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Socio-anthropologie du développement
Messan, Adamah
Language :
English
Title :
Sustainable Habitat In Burkina Faso: Social Trajectories, Logics And Motivations For The Use Of Compressed Earth Block For Housing Construction In Ouagadougou
Publication date :
20 November 2020
Journal title :
WIT: Transactions on the Built Environment
ISSN :
1746-4498
eISSN :
1743-3509
Publisher :
WIT, Hants, United Kingdom
Volume :
195
Pages :
165-172
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
Amélioration de la qualité de l’habitat en terre crue au Burkina Faso/Improving the quality of earth-based habitat in Burkina Faso (PRD2016-2021)
Funders :
LEMHaD - Laboratoire ecomatériaux et Habitas Durables
ARES CCD - Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur. Coopération au Développement [BE]
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since 24 December 2020

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