Reference : Movements of Alpine newts (Mesotriton alpestris) between small aquatic habitats (ruts...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Life sciences : Zoology
Movements of Alpine newts (Mesotriton alpestris) between small aquatic habitats (ruts) during the breeding season
Kopecky, Oldrich [Czech University of Life Sciences > > > >]
Vojar, Jiri [Czech University of Life Sciences > > > >]
Denoël, Mathieu mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences et gestion de l'environnement > Biologie du comportement - Ethologie et psychologie animale >]
VSP International Science Publishers
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Amphibians ; Habitat supplementation ; Habitat complementation ; Rut ; Temporary pond ; Movement ; Site fidelity ; population ; CMR ; Mesotriton alpestris ; Triturus alpestris ; Ichthyosaura alpestris ; Czech Republic ; Pool ; Population dynamics ; Alpine newt ; triton alpestre ; Dispersion
[en] Many species with complex life cycles, such as caudate amphibians, migrate from terrestrial to aquatic habitats for reproduction. However, movements between reproductive ponds within a breeding season have rarely been studied and are usually considered to be limited. Our aim was to determine whether this pattern occurs frequently in Alpine newts (Mesotriton alpestris) inhabiting complexes of small ruts on muddy forest tracks. We analysed capture-recapture data for individually marked newts as a function of locality, sex, body condition and hydroperiod throughout the breeding season. More than one third of the newts changed their ruts. Movements occurred more often towards ruts that did not dry during the breeding season. The body condition of males that changed ponds (but not that of females) was higher compared to that of resident newts in one of the studied populations. The relatively high frequency of movements between ruts can be seen as an adaptive strategy in unpredictable habitats which have a high probability of drying. The promiscuous pattern of newts also favours low site tenacity, because few sexual partners are available in each rut. Because of the broad occurrence of this kind of habitat, future studies should take into account these movements to better understand newt population dynamics and how to apply adequate conservation measures.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
Researchers ; Professionals
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