Available on ORBi since
16 October 2020
Article (Scientific journals)
Key role of estrogen receptor β in the organization of brain and behavior of the Japanese quail
Court, Lucas  ; Vandries, Laura  ; Balthazart, Jacques  et al.
2020 • In Hormones and Behavior, 125, p. 104827
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


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Keywords :
DPN; Estrogen receptor α; Estrogen receptor β; PPT; Sexual differentiation; Vasotocin
Abstract :
[en] Estrogens play a key role in the sexual differentiation of the brain and behavior. While early estrogen actions exert masculinizing effects on the brain of male rodents, a diametrically opposite effect is observed in birds where estrogens demasculinize the brain of females. Yet, the two vertebrate classes express similar sex differences in the brain and behavior. Although ERα is thought to play a major role in these processes in rodents, the role of ERβ is still controversial. In birds, the identity of the estrogen receptor(s) underlying the demasculinization of the female brain remains unclear. The aim of the present study was thus to determine in Japanese quail the effects of specific agonists of ERα (propylpyrazole triol, PPT) and ERβ (diarylpropionitrile, DPN) administered at the beginning of the sensitive period (embryonic day 7, E7) on the sexual differentiation of male sexual behavior and on the density of vasotocin-immunoreactive (VT-ir) fibers, a known marker of the organizational action of estrogens on the quail brain. We demonstrate that estradiol benzoate and the ERβ agonist (DPN) demasculinize male sexual behavior and decrease the density of VT-ir fibers in the medial preoptic nucleus and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, while PPT has no effect on these measures. These results clearly indicate that ERβ, but not ERα, is involved in the estrogen-induced sexual differentiation of brain and sexual behavior in quail. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Court, Lucas ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Neurosciences-Neuroendocrinology
Vandries, Laura ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Neurosciences-Neuroendocrinology
Balthazart, Jacques ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques
Cornil, Charlotte  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Neurosciences-Neuroendocrinology
Language :
Title :
Key role of estrogen receptor β in the organization of brain and behavior of the Japanese quail
Publication date :
Journal title :
Hormones and Behavior
Publisher :
Academic Press Inc.
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
NIMH Grant R01 MH50388
Funders :
NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health


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