Article (Scientific journals)
Neutrophil Phenotypes in Coronary Artery Disease.
MARECHAL, Patrick; TRIDETTI, Julien; Nguyen, Mai-Linh et al.
2020In Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (5)
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Keywords :
acute coronary syndrome; inflammation; neutrophil; outcome
Abstract :
[en] Clinical evidence indicates that innate immune cells may contribute to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Our prospective study aimed at investigating the association of neutrophil phenotypes with ACS. 108 patients were categorized into chronic stable coronary artery disease (n = 37), unstable angina (UA) (n = 19), Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) (n = 25), and ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) (n = 27). At the time of inclusion, blood neutrophil subpopulations were analysed by flow cytometry. Differential blood cell count and plasma levels of neutrophilic soluble markers were recorded at admission and, for half of patients, at six-month follow-up. STEMI and NSTEMI patients displayed higher neutrophil count and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio than stable and UA patients (p < 0.0001), which normalized at six-month post-MI. Atypical low-density neutrophils were detected in the blood of the four patient groups. STEMI patients were characterized by elevated percentages of band cells compared to the other patients (p = 0.019). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that plasma levels of total myeloperoxidase was associated with STEMI compared to stable (OR: 1.434; 95% CI: 1.119-1.837; P < 0.0001), UA (1.47; 1.146-1.886; p = 0.002), and NSTEMI (1.213; 1.1-1.134; p = 0.0001) patients, while increased neutrophil side scatter (SSC) signal intensity was associated with NSTEMI compared to stable patients (3.828; 1.033-14.184; p = 0.045). Hence, changes in neutrophil phenotype are concomitant to ACS.
Disciplines :
Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Author, co-author :
MARECHAL, Patrick 
TRIDETTI, Julien 
Nguyen, Mai-Linh
Wéra, Odile 
Jiang, Zheshen ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Cardiovascular Sciences-Cardiology
Gustin, Maxime 
Donneau, Anne-Françoise 
Oury, Cécile  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Cardiovascular Sciences-Cardiology
Lancellotti, Patrizio  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Cardiologie - Pathologie spéciale et réhabilitation
Language :
English
Title :
Neutrophil Phenotypes in Coronary Artery Disease.
Publication date :
2020
Journal title :
Journal of Clinical Medicine
eISSN :
2077-0383
Publisher :
MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Volume :
9
Issue :
5
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 03 July 2020

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