Letter to the editor (Scientific journals)
Functional neuroimaging applications for assessment and rehabilitation planning in patients with disorders of consciousness
Giacino, Joseph T.; Hirsch, Joy; Schiff, Nicholas D. et al.
2006In Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87 (12, Suppl. 2), p. 67-S76
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Keywords :
magnetic resonance imaging; functional; minimally conscious state; persistent vegetative state; rehabilitation; neuroimaging; disorders of consciousness
Abstract :
[en] Objective: To describe the theoretic framework, design, and potential clinical applications of functional neuroimaging protocols in patients with disorders of consciousness. Data Sources: Recent published literature and authors' own work. Study Selection: Studies using functional neuroimaging techniques to investigate cognitive processing in patients diagnosed with vegetative and minimally conscious state. Data Extraction: Not applicable. Data Synthesis: Positron-emission tomography activation studies suggest that the vegetative state represents a global disconnection syndrome in which higher order association cortices are functionally disconnected from primary cortical areas. In contrast, patterns of activation in functional magnetic resonance imaging studies of patients in the minimally conscious state show preservation of large-scale cortical networks associated with language and visual processing. Conclusions: Novel applications of functional neuroimaging in patients with disorders of consciousness may aid in differential diagnosis, prognostic assessment and identication of pathophysiologic mechanisms. Improvements in patient characterization may, in turn, provide new opportunities for restoration of function through interventional neuromodulation.
Disciplines :
Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine
Author, co-author :
Giacino, Joseph T.
Hirsch, Joy
Schiff, Nicholas D.
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Language :
English
Title :
Functional neuroimaging applications for assessment and rehabilitation planning in patients with disorders of consciousness
Publication date :
December 2006
Journal title :
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
ISSN :
0003-9993
eISSN :
1532-821X
Publisher :
W B Saunders Co-Elsevier Inc, Philadelphia, United States - Pennsylvania
Volume :
87
Issue :
12, Suppl. 2
Pages :
S67-S76
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 29 April 2020

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