Article (Scientific journals)
Impact of self-perception of aging on mortality of older patients in oncology.
Schroyen, Sarah; Letenneur, Luc; Missotten, Pierre et al.
2020In Cancer Medicine, 9, p. 2283-2289
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Keywords :
cancer risk factors; medical oncology; psychosocial studies; oncology
Abstract :
[en] OBJECTIVE: Several studies show that self-perception of aging (SPA) is a significant predictor of mental and physical health. In this study, we analyze the effect of SPA on mortality in the specific context of geriatric oncology. METHODS: The sample constituted of 140 individuals aged 65 years and older suffering from a recent nonmetastatic cancer (breast, lung, gynecological, or hematological), followed up to 6 years. We used Cox proportional hazards model to assess the effect of SPA at baseline on mortality. It was adjusted for age, gender, educational and cognitive level, oncological information (the site and kind of cancer), number of comorbidities, and physical and mental health at baseline. RESULTS: Patients were aged 73 years at diagnosis and were more often women (85.7%). Individuals with more negative SPA were 3.62 times more likely to die than those with a more positive SPA, with control of gender, age, education and cognitive level, mental and physical health, the category (breast, lung, gynecological, or hematological), and kind (initial or recurrence) of cancer. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that SPA influence the mortality of older people in the particular context of oncology. Therefore, the need to change our attitudes toward aging and older people implied indirectly by these results is discussed.
Disciplines :
Oncology
Author, co-author :
Schroyen, Sarah ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement
Letenneur, Luc
Missotten, Pierre ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement
Jerusalem, Guy  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Oncologie
Adam, Stéphane  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement
Language :
English
Title :
Impact of self-perception of aging on mortality of older patients in oncology.
Publication date :
2020
Journal title :
Cancer Medicine
eISSN :
2045-7634
Publisher :
Wiley, Oxford, United Kingdom
Volume :
9
Pages :
2283-2289
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Commentary :
(c) 2020 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Available on ORBi :
since 22 February 2020

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