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Neural correlates of modified subjective state of consciousness induced by hypnosis using EEG-connectivity approach
Panda, Rajanikant; Gosseries, Olivia; VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey et al.
2019Belgian Brain Congress 2018 — Belgian Brain Council
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Hypnosis; EEG-connectivity; Subjective state of consciousness
Abstract :
[en] Introduction: Hypnotic state has been shown to be of clinical utility, however its neural mechanisms still remain unclear [1]. This study investigates the neural basis of hypnosis using resting state EEG connectivity measurements. Methods: Ten healthy subjects (7 females, mean age 24±3years) underwent high density EEG recordings in both eye close awake resting state and hypnosis state. The hypnotic state instruction involved a 3-min induction procedure with muscle relaxation and eye fixation. After preprocessing EEG data, both hypothesis and data driven analysis were conducted using connectivity approach. Classical power spectral analysis was performed for delta (1-4Hz), theta (4.1-8Hz), alpha (8.1-12Hz), beta1 (12.1-20Hz) and beta2 (20.1-30Hz) frequency bands. Connectivity between every pair of electrodes was assessed using weighted Phase Lag Index. Hypothesis-based connectivity was computed for frontal, parietal and midline regions [2]. Data-driven graph theory connectivity was carried out to measure brain connectivity network properties and altered hub regions [3]. Results and Discussion: During hypnosis, increased spectral power was observed in delta and decreases were noted in the alpha and beta bands. From hypothesis based connectivity analysis, we observed an increased frontal interhemispheric connectivity in delta and left frontal to right parietal in theta band. Decreased connectivity was found both for alpha and beta bands in midline (upper central with lower central), right frontal with ‘right parietal and upper central’. Graph theory measures showed differences between hypnotic state and resting state both at the global and local level. Through integrated nodal clustering coefficient, we found increased frontoparietal connectivity in delta and theta bands and decreased bilateral frontal and parietal connectivity in alpha and beta-2 frequency bands. During hypnosis, we found increased connectivity in the lower frequency range (i.e., delta) and decreases at higher frequencies (i.e., beta) when considering frontal and parietal regions. These oscillations seems to characterise modified subjective state of consciousness induced by hypnosis, possibly reflecting states of efficient cognitive-processing and positive-emotional experiences.
Research Center/Unit :
GIGA-COMA - GIGA Consciousness-Coma Science Group - ULiège
Disciplines :
Alternative medicine
Author, co-author :
Panda, Rajanikant  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Gosseries, Olivia  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Département d'Anesthésie et réanimation > Centre interdisciplinaire d'algologie
Demertzi, Athina  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Physiology of Cognition
Piarulli, Andrea  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA : Coma Group
FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Département d'Anesthésie et réanimation > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Language :
English
Title :
Neural correlates of modified subjective state of consciousness induced by hypnosis using EEG-connectivity approach
Publication date :
17 January 2019
Event name :
Belgian Brain Congress 2018 — Belgian Brain Council
Event organizer :
Belgian Brain Council
Event place :
Liege, Belgium
Event date :
19-10-2018 to 19-102018
Audience :
International
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Name of the research project :
Understanding subjective state of consciousness by Hypnosis-Meditation and its Clinical Applications; French Speaking Community Concerted Research Action (ARC 12-17/01); Center-TBI (FP7-HEALTH- 602150); Human Brain Project (EU-H2020-fetflagship-hbp-sga1-ga720270); Luminous project (EU-H2020-fetopen-ga686764); Belgian National Plan Cancer (139)
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
MSF - Mind Science Foundation [US-TX]
IAP research network P7/06 of the Belgian Government (Belgian Science Policy)
ASE - Agence Spatiale Européenne [FR]
BELSPO - Service Public Fédéral de Programmation Politique scientifique [BE]
EC - European Commission [BE]
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since 21 February 2020

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