Burlacu, Irina; Soare, Sorina; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela 2020 • In Lafleur, Jean-Michel ; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela (Eds.) Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 1): Comparing Access to Welfare Entitlements Peer reviewed
[en] This chapter examines to what extent the Romanian welfare system covers resident citizens compared to foreigners residing in Romania and Romanians living abroad. In doing so, we analyse existing social policies aiming to ensure their coverage against a variety of risks at different life-cycle stages, including unemployment, poverty, sickness and old-age. The main conclusion is that the Romanian welfare state is open to all residents, regardless of their nationality, thus providing everyone equal grounds for accessing social benefits. The criterion of residence on the Romanian soil is, however, prevalent. This implies that relatively few social provisions are extended for non-resident Romanians, which represent an increasingly sizeable community given the intensity of migration outflows in recent years. Furthermore, the Romanian social protection system has had relatively little impact on reducing the risk of poverty and income inequality in the country, despite regular amendments during the last years.
Political science, public administration & international relations
Author, co-author :
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Faculté des sciences sociales > Centre d'études de l'ethnicité et des migrations (CEDEM)
Migrants’ Access to Social Protection in Romania
Publication date :
Main work title :
Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 1): Comparing Access to Welfare Entitlements
Author, co-author :
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Institut de recherche en Sciences Sociales (IRSS) > IRSS: Centre d'Etudes de l'Ethnicité et des Migrations
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ; Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales
Alexe, I., & Păunescu, B. (2011). Studiu asupra fenomenului imigraţiei în România. Integrarea străinilor în societatea românească. Bucharest: Fundația Soros România. https://arps.ro/documente/studiu_privind_fenomenul_imigratiei.pdf. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Cerami, A., & Stanescu, S. (2009). Welfare state transformations. In A. Cerami & P. Vanhuysse (Eds.), Post-communist welfare pathways: Theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Cerami, A., & Vanhuyssen, P. (2009). Introduction: Social policy pathways, twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In A. Cerami & P. Vanhuysse (Eds.), Post-communist welfare pathways: Theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pop, L. (2013). The decoupling of social policy reforms in Romania. Social Policy & Administration, 47(2), 161–181. https://doi.org/10.1111/spol.12013.
Popescu, L., Ivan, V., & Raţ, C. (2016). The Romanian welfare state at times of crisis. In K. Schubert, P. de Villota, & J. Kuhlmann (Eds.), Challenges to European welfare systems. Cham/ Heidelberg/New York/Dordrecht/London: Springer.
Raţ, C. (2009). The impact of minimum income guarantee schemes in Central and Eastern Europe. In A. Cerami & P. Vanhuysse (Eds.), Post-communist welfare pathways: Theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Sandu, D., Radu, C., Constantinescu, M., & Ciobanu, O. (2004). A country report on Romanian migration abroad: Stocks and flows after 1989. Study for www.migrationonline.cz. Prague: Multicultural Center.
Schipor, C., & Frecea, G.-L. (2018). The welfare state development: Romania – between perceptions and reality. The Romanian Economic Journal, Year XXI no, 68, 179–186.
Schraad-Tischler, D., Schiller, C., Heller, S. M., & Siemer, N. (2018). Social justice in the EU – Index report 2017 social inclusion monitor Europe, Bertelsmann Schtiftung. https://www. bertelsmann-stiftung.de/fileadmin/files/BSt/Publikationen/GrauePublikationen/NW_EU_ Social_Justice:Index_2017.pdf. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Schubert, K., de Villota, P., & Kuhlmann, J. (Eds.). (2016). Challenges to European welfare systems. Cham/Heidelberg/New York/Dordrecht/London: Springer.
Sotiropoulos, D. A., & Pop, L. (2007). Bulgaria and Romania. In B. Deacon & P. Stubbs (Eds.), Social policy and international interventions in South East Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Stoiciu, V. (2012). Austerity and structural reforms in Romania severe measures, questionable economic results and negative social consequences. International Policy Analysis, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id-moe/09310.pdf. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Vanhuysse, P. (2006). Divide and pacify: Strategic social policies and political protests in postcommunist democracies. Budapest: Central European University Press.
Vanhuysse, P. (2009). Power, order and the politics of social policy in Central and Eastern Europe. In A. Cerami & P. Vanhuysse (Eds.), Post-communist welfare pathways: Theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Vasilescu, D. (2018). Social and employment policies in Romania policy. Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies Directorate-General for Internal Policies, https://www. europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2018/626064/IPOL_STU(2018)626064_EN.pdf. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Vintila, D., & Lafleur, J.-M. (in this volume). Migration and access to welfare benefits in the EU: The interplay between residence and nationality. In J.-M. Lafleur & D. Vintila (Eds.), Migration and social protection in Europe and beyond (Volume 1). Comparing access to welfare entitlements. Cham: Springer.
Vintila, D., & Soare, S. (2018). Report on political participation of Mobile EU citizens: Romania. GLOBALCIT Political Participation Reports. http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/59406. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Wagner, A., Stan, L. & Bönker, F. (2018). Romania report-sustainable governance indicators 2018, Bertelsmann Stiftung. http://www.sgi-network.org/docs/2018/country/SGI2018_Romania.pdf. Accessed 19 Mar 2020.
Zaharia, R. M., Ban, C., & Popescu, A. M. (2017). Relația dintre fenomenul migrației legale și piața muncii din România. In Evoluții relevante, impact potențial, recomandări de politici. Bucharest: Institutul European din România.