Reference : Galectin-1 accumulation in the ovary carcinoma peritumoral stroma is induced by ovary...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Human health sciences : Oncology
Galectin-1 accumulation in the ovary carcinoma peritumoral stroma is induced by ovary carcinoma cells and affects both cancer cell proliferation and adhesion to laminin-1 and fibronectin
van den Brule, Frédéric [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Laboratoire de rechercher sur les métastases > >]
Califice, Stéphane [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Laboratoire de Recherche sur les Métastases > >]
Garnier, Frédérique [> > > >]
Fernandez, Pedro L [> > > >]
Berchuck, Andrew [> > > >]
Castronovo, Vincenzo mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie générale et cellulaire >]
Laboratory Investigation : Journal of Technical Methods & Pathology
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Galectin-1 (gal-1) is a 14-kDa laminin-binding galectin involved in several biologic events including regulation of cancer cell proliferation and adhesion to the matrix. In this study, we examined gal-1 expression in 30 human epithelial ovary carcinoma samples by Western and Northern blotting and by immunohistochemistry. Gal-1 mRNA levels were increased in more than 95% of the examined ovary carcinoma samples, compared with a wedge resection of a normal ovary. Immunohistochemical analysis of the samples demonstrated gal-1 expression in cancer epithelial cells from 17 of 30 samples, with a cytoplasmic pattern. Gal-1 immunostaining was significantly increased in the stroma associated with carcinoma cells compared with the normal, noninvaded stroma (p = 0.003). This pattern of expression was confirmed by examination of 12 other frozen epithelial ovary carcinomas, using in situ hybridization. Immunohistochemical staining of the specimens demonstrated colocalization of gal-1, laminin-1, and fibronectin. In vitro experiments were conducted to elucidate the potential biologic role of gal-1 in ovarian cancer progression. Gal-1 protein expression and release was detected in AZ364, SK-OV-3, and AZ224, but not in OVCAR-3, AZ419, and AZ382, human ovary carcinoma cell lines. Incubation of 84BR fibroblasts with conditioned media harvested from the ovary carcinoma cell lines induced an increased expression of gal-1 in the cultured fibroblasts in all cases except AZ419 and SK-OV-3. High concentrations of gal-1 (100 mug/ml) induced significantly decreased cell proliferation in all cell lines, as defined by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Additionally, recombinant gal-1 induced a dose-dependent increase in in vitro adhesion of AZ224, SK-OV-3, and AZ382 cells to laminin-1; adhesion to fibronectin was increased by gal-1 in OVCAR-3, AZ224, and SK-OV-3. No effect was observed in the other cases. Our data contribute to define a role for gal-1 during the interactions between human ovary carcinoma cells and host fibroblasts.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; TELEVIE

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