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14 October 2019
Master’s dissertation (Dissertations and theses)
Onderzoek naar de multimodale codering van motion events in het Frans en het Nederlands als T1 en T2
Piot, Christina 
2019
 

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Keywords :
gestures; co-speech gestures; multimodality; verb-framed; satellite-framed; gesticulation; multimodal communication
Abstract :
[en] Several studies have suggested that the typological differences between verb-framed and satellite-framed languages observed by Talmy (2000), are reflected in co-speech gestures (Kita & Özyürek 2003, McNeill 2005 and Brown & Chen 2013). More specifically, different relations between the types of languages and the presence or absence of the dimension of manner in gestures have been identified (McNeill & Duncan 2000, Kita & Özyürek 2003, Brown & Chen 2013) and the aforementioned researchers have come to the common agreement that gestures show both universal and language-specific features. Against this background, the present study aimed to determine how French native speakers, Dutch native speakers and French-speaking learners of Dutch realize dynamic and static motion events both in language and co-speech gestures. Following and expanding on the methodologies developed by McNeill (1992, 2005), Kita & Özyürek (2003), Stam (2006) and Lemmens & Perrez (2012, 2018), we conducted an experiment in which participants had to recount scenes from Tweety and Sylvester and in which they had to locate objects on pictures. The results of the current research are mostly in line with previous studies on the expression of motion events by French and Dutch speakers (Talmy 2000, Lemmens 2002, Kopecka 2006) and with studies on the expression of static motion events by French-speaking learners of Dutch (Lemmens & Perrez 2010, 2012 and 2018). That is to say that Dutch speakers tend to encode manner in the verb and path in a satellite and use posture verb (i.e. staan, zitten and liggen) to locate objects whereas French speakers tend to encode path in the verb and manner in a satellite and use neutral verbs (i.e. être or se trouver) to locate objects. French-speaking learners of Dutch underuse posture verbs and overuse neutral verbs while describing static motion events in Dutch. In addition, it reveals (1) that French-speaking learners of Dutch tend to encode manner in the verb when they describe dynamic motion events, (2) that French speakers encode path more often in their gestures than Dutch speakers, (3) that L1 speakers produce more often iconic co-speech gestures than L2 speakers who tend to produce non-substantive co-speech gestures and (4) that learners tend to encode the same pieces of information in their iconic co-speech gestures in both languages (i.e. path).
Disciplines :
Languages & linguistics
Author, co-author :
Piot, Christina ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Master lang. & lettres mod., or. germ. à fin. (AF)
Language :
Dutch
Title :
Onderzoek naar de multimodale codering van motion events in het Frans en het Nederlands als T1 en T2
Alternative titles :
[en] Research on the multimodal encoding of motion events in French and Dutch as L1 and L2
Defense date :
2019
Number of pages :
107
Institution :
ULiège - Université de Liège [Droit, Science Politique et Criminologie]
Degree :
Master en langues et lettres modernes, orientations germaniques, à finalité approfondie
Promotor :
Perrez, Julien  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Lilith - Liège, Literature, Linguistics
Jury member :
Van linden, An  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Lilith - Liège, Literature, Linguistics
Rasier, Laurent ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de langues modernes : linguistique, littérature et traduction > Langue et linguistique néerlandaises

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