Reference : The long journey: a brief review of the eradication of rinderpest.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
The long journey: a brief review of the eradication of rinderpest.
Njeumi, Félix [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy > > > >]
Taylor, William [> >]
Diallo, Adama [> >]
Miyagishima, K. [> >]
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre [Université de Liège - ULiège > Médecine vétérinaire et santé animale]
Vallat, Bernard [> >]
Traore, Mohammed Sahar [> >]
Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Africa/epidemiology ; Animals ; Asia/epidemiology ; Cattle ; Communicable Disease Control/history/legislation & jurisprudence/methods ; Europe/epidemiology ; History, 16th Century ; History, 17th Century ; History, 18th Century ; History, 19th Century ; History, 20th Century ; History, 21st Century ; Pandemics/history/prevention & control/veterinary ; Rinderpest/epidemiology/history/prevention & control ; Rinderpest virus/immunology ; Vaccination/history/veterinary ; Viral Vaccines/history/standards
[en] In 2011, the 79th General Session of the World Assembly of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the 37th Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAD) Conference adopted a resolution declaring the world free from rinderpest and recommending follow-up measures to preserve the benefits of this new and hard-won situation. Eradication is an achievable objective for any livestock disease, provided that the epidemiology is uncomplicated and the necessary tools, resources and policies are available. Eradication at a national level inevitably reflects national priorities, whereas global eradication requires a level of international initiative and leadership to integrate these tools into a global framework, aimed first at suppressing transmission across all infected areas and concluding with a demonstration thatthis has been achieved. With a simple transmission chain and the environmental fragility of the virus, rinderpest has always been open to control and even eradication within a zoosanitary approach. However, in the post-1945 drive for more productive agriculture, national and global vaccination programmes became increasingly relevant and important. As rinderpest frequently spread from one region to another through trade-related livestock movements, the key to global eradication was to ensure that such vaccination programmes were carried out in a synchronised manner across all regions where the disease was endemic - an objective to which the European Union, the United States Agency for International Development, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the African Union-Interafrican Bureau of Animal Resources, FA0 and OIE fully subscribed. This article provides a review of rinderpest eradication, from the seminal work carried out by Giovanni Lancisi in the early 18th Century to the global declaration in 2011.
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