Article (Scientific journals)
Therapeutic interventions in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness.
Thibaut, Aurore; Schiff, Nicholas; Giacino, Joseph et al.
2019In Lancet Neurology, 18 (6), p. 600-614
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Abstract :
[en] The management of patients with severe brain injuries and prolonged disorders of consciousness raises important issues particularly with respect to their therapeutic options. The scarcity of treatment options is challenged by new clinical and neuroimaging data indicating that some patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness might benefit from therapeutic interventions, even years after the injury. Most studies of interventions aimed at improving patients' level of consciousness and functional recovery were behavioural and brain imaging open-label trials and case reports, but several randomised controlled trials have been done, particularly focused on the effects of drugs or use of non-invasive brain stimulation. However, only two studies on amantadine and transcranial direct current stimulation provided class II evidence. Although new therapeutic approaches seem to be valuable for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness, optimised stimulation parameters, alternative drugs, or rehabilitation strategies still need to be tested and validated to improve rehabilitation and the quality of life of these patients.
Disciplines :
Neurology
Author, co-author :
Thibaut, Aurore ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Schiff, Nicholas
Giacino, Joseph
LAUREYS, Steven  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Département de médecine interne > Centre intégré pluridisc. étude cerveau-cognition-conscience
Gosseries, Olivia  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Language :
English
Title :
Therapeutic interventions in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness.
Publication date :
June 2019
Journal title :
Lancet Neurology
ISSN :
1474-4422
eISSN :
1474-4465
Publisher :
The Lancet Publishing Group, United Kingdom
Volume :
18
Issue :
6
Pages :
600-614
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 04 August 2019

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