Reference : Cloning of the prepro C-RFa gene and brain localization of the active peptide in Salm...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Zoology
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Life sciences : Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology
Cloning of the prepro C-RFa gene and brain localization of the active peptide in Salmo salar
Montefusco-Siegmund, R. A. [> > > >]
Romero, A. [> > > >]
Kausel, G. [> > > >]
Muller, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Biologie et génétique moléculaire >]
Fujimoto, M. [> > > >]
Figueroa, J. [> > > >]
Cell and Tissue Research
Yes (verified by ORBi)
New York
[en] hypothalamus ; pituitary ; rostral pars distalis ; C-RFa peptide ; immunohistochemistry ; reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction ; Salmo salar (Teleostei)
[en] In all vertebrates, the synthesis and release of prolactin (Prl) from pituitary lactotroph cells is tightly controlled by hypothalamic factors. We have cloned and characterized a hypothalamic cDNA from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) encoding C-RFa, a peptide structurally related to mammalian Prl-releasing peptide (PrRP). The deduced preprohormone precursor is composed of 155 amino acid residues presenting a 87.1% similarity to chum salmon C-RFa and a 100% similarity to all fish C-RFa in the bioactive precursor motifs. C-RFa-immunoreactive perikarya and fibres were located in the brain of S. salar, especially in the hypothalamus, olfactory tract, optic tectum and cerebellum. In contrast, immunolabelled fibres were not observed in the pituitary stalk or in the hypophysis. However, interestingly, we detected immunolabelled cells in the rostral pars distalis of the pituitary in the basolateral region in which Prl is synthesized. These results were confirmed by obtaining a strong signal by using reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) on mRNA from both hypothalamus and pituitary. These data show, for the first time, by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR, that C-RFa is produced in pituitary cells. Finally, based on these results, a possible function for CRFa as a locally produced PrRP in this teleost is discussed.
Applied and Fundamental FISH Research Center - AFFISH-RC ; Giga-Development and Stem Cells
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