Reference : H3+ characteristics in the Jupiter atmosphere as observed at limb with Juno/JIRAM
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
H3+ characteristics in the Jupiter atmosphere as observed at limb with Juno/JIRAM
Migliorini, Alessandra []
Dinelli, B.M. []
Moriconi, M.L. []
Altieri, F. []
Adriani, A. []
Mura, A. []
Connerney, J.E.P. []
Atreya, S. []
Piccioni, G. []
Tosi, F. []
Sindoni, G. []
Grassi, D. []
Bolton, S.J. []
Levin, S.M. []
Gérard, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Noschese, R. []
Cichetti, A. []
Sordini, R. []
Olivieri, A. []
Plainaki, C. []
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Jupiter ; atmosphere ; Juno ; airglow ; JIRAM ; density ; temperature ; H3+ ; temperature
[en] NASA’s Juno spacecraft has been orbiting Jupiter since August 2016, providing unprecedented insights into the giant planet’s atmosphere. The Jupiter Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) experiment on board Juno has made spectroscopic observations of the trihydrogen cation (H3+) emissions in both northern and southern auroral regions (Dinelli et al. 2017; Adriani et al. 2017; Mura et al. 2017) and at mid-to-low latitudes (this paper). Observations targeting the limb of the planet from 60° North to 60° South latitudes were acquired with JIRAM’s spectrometer in August 2016 and March 2017. We use these observations to characterize, for the first time, the vertical distribution of the H3+ emissions as a function of latitude across Jupiter’s sunlit face dayside. H3+ emission features in the 3-4 μm spectral band were used to retrieve the H3+ volume mixing ratio (VMR) and atmospheric temperatures as a function of altitude. The H3+ density profile has a quasi-symmetric distribution with latitude, decreasing from 5×105 cm-3 at 500 km altitude above the 1-bar level to 2×105 cm-3 at 650 km (column densities of 3.5×1013 cm-2 to 1.4×1013 cm-2, assuming a 700 km column depth; altitudes are referenced to 1-bar pressure level). The H3+ VMR is higher in the Southern hemisphere than in the North with values at 500 km altitude of ~4×10-4 ppmv at 40°N and ~8×10-4 ppmv at 40°S. Retrieved temperatures increase almost monotonically with increasing altitude, hovering around 400 K at 300 km and greater than 900 K at about 700 km.
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