Reference : Isolation of follicular dendritic cells from human tonsils and adenoids. II. Immunocy...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology
Isolation of follicular dendritic cells from human tonsils and adenoids. II. Immunocytochemical characterization.
Heinen, Ernst mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Histologie humaine >]
Lilet, Chantal mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > O.R.L. >]
Mason, D. Y. [> > > >]
Stein, H. [> > > >]
Boniver, Jacques mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Anatomie pathologique >]
Radoux, D. [ > > ]
Kinet-Denoel, C. [> > > >]
Simar, L. J. [> > > >]
European Journal of Immunology
VCH Verlagsgesellschaft
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Adenoids/immunology/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology ; Antigens, Surface/immunology ; Cell Communication ; Cell Separation ; Fluorescent Antibody Technique ; Histocytochemistry ; Humans ; Lymphocytes/immunology ; Macrophages/immunology ; Palatine Tonsil/immunology/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell/metabolism
[en] Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are specialized cells found only within lymphoid follicles. They bind immune complexes and play a role in the presentation of antigen to follicular B cells and in the generation of B cell memory. In the present report the isolation of FDC from human tonsils and adenoids is described. These isolated cells have an unusual spherical arrangement and enclose lymphocytes within extensions of their membranes. Their ultrastructural features are similar to those observed in situ. The reactivity of isolated FDC with a number of monoclonal antibodies was analyzed by immunofluorescence and by immunostaining (at the electron microscopic level) with colloidal gold. In keeping with the results of previous investigations on tissue sections IgM, IgG and IgA (but not IgD) can be detected on the surface of isolated FDC, as can C3b receptors and the FDC-associated antigen detected by monoclonal antibody R4/23. The immunoglobulins associated with FDC are mostly embedded in an electron-dense material. The majority of the lymphoid cells enclosed within the membrane extensions of FDC are of B cell type. These results suggest that isolated FDC may be suitable for further in vitro investigation of their role in the humoral immune response.

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