Reference : Migration and social protection in Europe and beyond: comparing access to welfare ent...
Books : Collective work published as editor or director
Law, criminology & political science : Political science, public administration & international relations
Migration and social protection in Europe and beyond: comparing access to welfare entitlements (Volume 1)
Lafleur, Jean-Michel mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Centre d'études de l'ethnicité et des migrations (CEDEM) >]
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Centre d'études de l'ethnicité et des migrations (CEDEM) >]
In press
Springer Open Access, IMISCOE Research Series
[en] Migration ; Social protection ; Welfare entitlements
[en] In a context of increased ethnic diversity, strong politicisation of migration, and overexposure of mobile individuals to social risks, the access of migrants and their offspring to welfare has become a key area of concern across European democracies. The recent financial crisis has further intensified the salience of this topic in political discourses, at the societal level, and among social scientists. While a rapidly growing body of scholarship has explored how the strong supranational framework of EU social security coordination affects intra-EU migrants’ access to social benefits (see Sindbjerg Martinsen, 2005 or Blaugerger and Schmidt, 2014, among others), little is known so far about the procedures, scope and extension of welfare entitlements for third-country nationals in European destination countries (European Migration Network, 2014). Furthermore, the knowledge on the array of social benefits that states make available to non-citizen residents have been predominantly restricted to case studies, with relatively little evidence of larger cross-national research (see Holzmann et al., 2005; Sainsbury, 2006; Sabates-Wheeler and Feldman, 2011). Additionally, since migrants’ access to welfare has been traditionally studied from the perspective of receiving states, the critical role that sending states could play in protecting their nationals abroad against exposure to social risks is still understudied (Gamlen, 2008; Lafleur, 2013).

This book is part of a series of 3 volumes that seek to address this research gap by providing the first comprehensive cross-country comparison of social protection policies and programmes targeting individuals in situation of international mobility. The 3 volumes adopt a top-down analytical approach of the concept of Transnational Social Protection from above, thus aiming to provide answers to the following research questions: Do migrants have access to social protection in Europe and in selected countries of origin located outside of Europe? What kind of social benefits can they access in their countries of residence and what type of social protection entitlements can they export from their countries of origin? Do some migrant groups benefit from an easier formal access to welfare benefits than others? Do some countries offer more inclusive social protection regimes for immigrants and emigrants alike? Beyond classic welfare state policies, how do consular and diaspora policies help nationals abroad address social risks?

This first volume provides an in-depth analysis of social protection policies (health care, unemployment, pensions, family benefits, and guaranteed minimum resources) that EU Member States make accessible to national residents, EU and non-EU foreign residents, and non-resident nationals. Hence, the volume captures different scenarios in which the interplay between nationality and residence leads to inequalities of access to welfare. Each case study maps the eligibility conditions for accessing social benefits, by paying particular attention to the type of social entitlements that migrants can claim in host countries and/or export from home countries. In each country and for each policy area, we discuss the legislation regulating access to benefits in kind and cash, the legal definition of beneficiaries, the eligibility conditions applied for each type of benefit, and the period for which these benefits can be granted. Each case study also provides an assessment of the recent trends and directions in accessing social entitlements across the five policy areas of interest.
European Research Council
Migration and transnational social protection in (post)crisis Europe (MiTSoPro)
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public

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