Reference : Investigating functional data with sharp local features with applications to spectroscopy
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/231171
Investigating functional data with sharp local features with applications to spectroscopy
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Timmermans, Catherine mailto [Université de Liège > Département de mathématique > Département de mathématique >]
2012
Université catholique de Louvain, ​Louvain-la-Neuve, ​​Belgique
Docteur en Sciences, orientation Statistique, Biostatistique et Sciences Actuarielles
von Sachs, Rainer
[en] This thesis aims to tackle some common but challenging issues in 1H NMR spectroscopic studies: investigating differences between some groups of spectra, determining a statistical model for the prediction of a measured quantity or a group membership associated to a spectrum, and identifying the zones of the spectra that carry significant information for the discrimination. Statistically, this requires the study of curves with sharp local features, those features being peaks associated to given resonance frequencies in the spectra, and of which the intensity reflects the concentration of given chemical compounds. A challenge in this problem is to define an efficient measure of the dissimilarity between the spectra. Indeed, a given peak in a dataset of spectra might be affected by vertical amplifications, horizontal shifts or both simultaneously, the source of those variations possibly being a significant chemical difference or resulting from noise. However, commonly used dissimilarity measures do not return coherent results as soon as there is a horizontal component of variation from one spectrum to another. This thesis proposes therefore a new dissimilarity measure which has the ability to capture both horizontal and vertical variations of the peaks in datasets of spectra, in a unified framework. This dissimilarity measure has been called BAGIDIS for Bases GIving DIStances. BAGIDIS provides for a new methodology in the context of nonparametric functional statistics. The method has a sound theoretical background as it fully takes into account three cutting-edge statistical concepts: the nature of functional data, the nonparametric functional regression technique and unbalanced Haar wavelets. Moreover, it is not restricted to the analysis of spectra, but enlarges to any functional dataset with sharp local features that might possibly be misaligned. An extension exists for images.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/231171
http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/112451
SSH/IMAQ/ISBA - Institut de Statistique, Biostatistique et Sciences Actuarielles
Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)

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