Reference : Stealth and pH-sensitive lipid nanocapsules : targeting the tumor microenvionement of...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Human health sciences : Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology
Stealth and pH-sensitive lipid nanocapsules : targeting the tumor microenvionement of melanoma
Pautu, Vincent mailto [University of Liège (ULiège), Complex and Entangled Systems from Atoms to Materials (CESAM), Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > Université d'Angers, Micro et Nanomédecines Translationnelles (MINT) > > >]
Université de Liège, ​Liège, ​​Belgique
Université d'Angers, ​Angers, ​​France
Docteur en Sciences
Passirani, Catherine mailto
Jérôme, Christine mailto
Julien, Nicolas mailto
Debuigne, Antoine mailto
Mura, Simona mailto
Corre, Isabelle mailto
Lecommandoux, Sébastien mailto
[en] stealth nanocarriers ; melanoma ; tumour vasculature heterogneity ; pH-sensitive nanocarriers ; poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) ; poly(vinylimidazole)
[en] Tumor acidity has been shown to play a major role in resistance to chemotherapy. The use of nanomedicines, as lipid nanocapsules (LNC), allows to protect drugs from this acidic environment. They can also improve the biodistribution of therapeutics and to target the tumor environment. The aim of this thesis concerns the evaluation and characterization of stealth and pH-sensitive LNC in the context of melanoma.
Firstly, these works consisted in characterizing the vascularization of human and mice melanoma. These studies allowed to compare different tumors (density, size and structure), and determine if the used of nanocarrier is suitable in the context of melanoma. The second part of this thesis described the development and the characterization of new copolymers, combining stealth and pH-sensitive properties. These copolymers, composed of N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) and vinylimidazole, were synthesized by RAFT polymerization and were post-inserted onto LNC surface. These modifications allowed to obtain charge reversal nanocarriers, leading to increase their melanoma cell uptake under acid pH. Finally, biodistribution of these modified nanoparticles was studied in vivo and highlighted the interest of NVP in the development of stealth nanocarriers. To conclude, the developed copolymers able to extend nanocarrier circulation time and to provide pH-responsive properties which should increase the tumor internalization of LNC in vivo and potentiate the effect of anticancer drugs.
Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) ; Micro et Nanomédecines Translationnelles (MINT) ; Complex and Entangled Systems from Atoms to Materials (CESAM)
Région Pays de la Loire, France ; NanoFar

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