Reference : Thymic Expression of Insulin-Related Genes in an Animal Model of Autoimmune Type 1 Di...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Immunology & infectious disease
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Thymic Expression of Insulin-Related Genes in an Animal Model of Autoimmune Type 1 Diabetes
Kecha-Kamoun, Ouafae [> > > >]
Achour, Imane [> > > >]
Martens, Henri mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Embryologie >]
Collette, Julien [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chimie médicale >]
Lefebvre, Pierre J. [> > > >]
Greiner, Dale L. [> > > >]
Geenen, Vincent mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Centre d'immunologie >]
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
2, Mar-Apr
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] BACKGROUND: Insulin and multiple other autoantigens have been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune type 1 diabetes, but the origin of immunological self-reactivity specifically oriented against insulin-secreting islet beta-cells remains obscure. The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that a defect in thymic central T-cell self-tolerance of the insulin hormone family could contribute to the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes. This hypothesis was investigated in a classic animal model of type 1 diabetes, the Bio-Breeding (BB) rat. METHODS: The expression of the mammalian insulin-related genes (Ins, Igf1 and Igf2) was analysed in the thymus of inbred Wistar Furth rats (WF), diabetes-resistant BB (BBDR) and diabetes-prone BB (BBDP) rats. RESULTS: RT-PCR analyses of total RNA from WF, BBDP and BBDR thymi revealed that Igf1 and Ins mRNAs are present in 15/15 thymi from 2-day-old, 5-day-old and 5-week-old WF, BBDR and BBDP rats. In contrast, a complete absence of Igf2 mRNA was observed in more than 80% of BBDP thymi. The absence of detectable Igf2 transcripts in the thymus of BBDP rats is tissue-specific, since Igf2 mRNAs were detected in all BBDP brains and livers examined. Using a specific immunoradiometric assay, the concentration of thymic IGF-2 protein was significantly lower in BBDP than in BBDR rats (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests an association between the emergence of autoimmune diabetes and a defect in Igf2 expression in the thymus of BBDP rats. This tissue-specific defect in gene expression could contribute both to the lymphopenia of these rats (by impaired T-cell development) and the absence of central T-cell self-tolerance of the insulin hormone family (by defective negative selection of self-reactive T-cells).

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