Reference : Impact of Tree Growth Rate on the Mechanical Properties of Douglas Fir Lumber in Belgium
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/228435
Impact of Tree Growth Rate on the Mechanical Properties of Douglas Fir Lumber in Belgium
English
[fr] Impact de la vitesse de croissance sur les propriétés mécaniques de sciages de douglas en Belgique
Henin, Jean-Marc mailto [> >]
Pollet, Caroline [> >]
Jourez, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels >]
Hebert, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels >]
9-Jun-2018
Forests
MDPI
9
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1999-4907
BASEL
Switzerland
[en] Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco ; strength grading ; ring width ; silviculture ; corewood ; outerwood
[en] In the context of questioning the relevance of making Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii
(Mirb.) Franco) silviculture more dynamic in Wallonia, we evaluated the influence of growth rate
on the potential of Douglas-fir lumber for structural uses. Therefore, six trees 120 to 180 cm in
circumference at 1.5 m were felled in 11 stands whose age varied from 40 to 69 years (mean
circumference of the trees 150 cm; initial planting density from 2200 to 4400 seedlings/ha).
In total, 706 boards (38 100 mm2 and 70 180 mm2 in cross section) were cut from these trees,
whose average ring width ranged between 3 and 7 mm. The density of the wood (r) always appeared
compatible with the mechanical class C30, regardless of the growth rate of the trees from which
the lumber originated. The modulus of elasticity (E) and the modulus of rupture (fm) displayed
by the 38 100 mm2 boards cut from corewood were respectively 30% and 41% lower than those
observed in outerwood. The latter did not seem affected by growth rate: E and fm characteristic
values remained compatible with structural use, regardless of the mean ring width. Growth rate
considerably affects the characteristic values of these mechanical properties when boards are made
from corewood. Juvenile growth should therefore be limited.
Laboratoire de Technologie du Bois
SPW Région wallone
Relation sylviculture et qualité du bois de douglas
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/228435
10.3390/f9060342

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