Reference : 3D finite element formulation for mechanical-electrophysiological coupling in axonopathy
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Mechanical engineering
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
Human health sciences : Neurology
3D finite element formulation for mechanical-electrophysiological coupling in axonopathy
Kwong, Man Ting [University of Oxford > > > >]
Bianchi, Fabio [University of Oxford > > > >]
Malboubi, Majid [University of Oxford > > > >]
García-Grajales, Julián Andrés [University of Oxford > > > >]
Homsi, Lina [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > >]
Thompson, Mark [University of Oxford > > > >]
Ye, Hua [University of Oxford > > > >]
Noels, Ludovic mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Computational & Multiscale Mechanics of Materials (CM3) >]
Jérusalem, Antoine [University of Oxford > > > >]
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] mechanical-electrophysiological coupling ; finite element method ; neuronal membrane ; axonal injury ; Hodgkin-Huxley ; Cable Theory
[en] Traumatic injuries to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) have recently been put under the spotlight because of their devastating socio-economical cost. At the cellular scale, recent research efforts have focused on primary injuries by making use of models aimed at simulating mechanical deformation induced axonal electrophysiological functional deficits. The
overwhelming majority of these models only consider axonal stretching as a loading mode, while other modes of deformation such as crushing or mixed modes|highly relevant in spinal cord injury|are left unmodelled. To this end, we propose here a novel 3D finite element framework coupling mechanics and electrophysiology by considering the electrophysiological Hodgkin-
Huxley and Cable Theory models as surface boundary conditions introduced directly in the weak form, hence eliminating the need to geometrically account for the membrane in its electrophysiological contribution. After validation against numerical and experimental results, the approach is leveraged to model an idealised axonal dislocation injury. The results show that the sole consideration of induced longitudinal stretch following transverse loading of a
node of Ranvier is not necessarily enough to capture the extent of axonal electrophysiological
deficit and that the non-axisymmetric loading of the node participates to a larger extent to the subsequent damage. On the contrary, a similar transverse loading of internodal regions was not shown to significantly worsen with the additional consideration of the non-axisymmetric
loading mode.
Aérospatiale et Mécanique - A&M
Union Européenne = European Union - UE = EU ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
M.T.K., M.B. and A.J. acknowledge funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7 20072013) ERC Grant Agreement No.306587. H.Y. would like to acknowledge China Regenerative Medicine Limited (CRMI) for funding and the EPSRC DTP (Award no. 1514540) for F.B.'s studentship.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 346 (2019) 1025-1050, DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2018.09.006
FP7 ; 306587 - COMUNEM - Computational Multiscale Neuron Mechanics

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