Reference : Weathering pattern of Messinian lithothamnium limestones: implication about paleoclim...
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Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Weathering pattern of Messinian lithothamnium limestones: implication about paleoclimatic conditions
[fr] Modélisation de l'altération des calcaires messiniens à Lithothamnium: implication sur les conditions paléoclimatiques
Moulana, Meriem Lina mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. (géog. - paysage)]
El Ouahabi, Meriam mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géologie > Argiles, géochimie et environnements sédimentaires >]
Boulvain, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géologie > Pétrologie sédimentaire >]
Guendouz, Mostefa [Université des sciences et de la technologie HOUARI BOUMEDIENNE > Géographie et Aménagement du territoire > > >]
Hubert, Aurelia mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Géomorphologie et Géologie du Quaternaire >]
Geologica Belgica
Geologica Belgica
Geologica Belgica conference 2018
Yes (verified by ORBi)
du 12 septembre 2018 au 14 septembre 2018
[en] lithothamnium limestones ; Messinian ; mineralogical analysis ; Boukadir ; Algeria ; paleoclimatic conditions ; weathering pattern
[en] Limestones are prevalent in Algeria. These formations since their deposition have been affected by a range of weathering, dissolution and recrystallization processes dependant of the paleoclimatic conditions they sustained. These transformations also affect the potential hazard that these karstic terrains represent.
We focus here on the Boukadir Region situated at the foot of the Ouarsenis Mountain (Fig. 1). The region comprises the Ouarsenis northern piedmont composed of ~15o north dipping lithothamnium limestones of the Messinian period that rest unconformably upon blue marls of the upper Miocene, and to the south the E-W striking lower Chlef Basin filled by Plio-Quaternary sediments and flooded by the Chlef River. The lithothamnium carbonates rocks form a major deep aquifer in the Basin. The Basin is crossed along its southern edge by the Relizane strike-slip fault. In June 1988, there was a large collapse sinkhole of 60 m in diameter and 35 m of deep that occurred along the national road RN4 near the southern edge of the basin (LCTP, 1989). Drilling shows that sinkhole can be associated to lithothamnium limestones that were covered by more than 61 m of sediments at that location. No other sinkhole formed since this accident.
In this study we investigate the weathering pattern of the lithothamnium limestones to unravel the likelihood of formation of large sinkholes in this formation. Boreholes and quarries show that the Messinian Calcareous limestones of the Boukadir region are deeply weathered and partly recrystallized calcareous rocks; the weathering affects its entire thickness reaching a maximum of 200 m. This weathering pattern is not visible a few kilometres more to the east, in limestones having a similar origin.
To unravel the specific paleoclimatic conditions that these limestones sustained, we combine field work and on selected samples, petrographic thin section and mineralogical (XRD) analysis and SEM observations. Field work in quarries and in the wadi shows that the lithothamnium limestones are composed of altering sandstone rich beds with a calcareous cement and bioconstructions rich beds. ..

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