Poster (Scientific congresses and symposiums)
Vivid memories from hell: A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experiences accounts
Cassol, Helena; Martial, Charlotte; Annen, Jitka et al.
2018Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (BAPS) 2018
Editorial reviewed
 

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Keywords :
near-death experiences; distressing; phenomenology
Abstract :
[en] Background: Near-death experiences (NDEs) are associated to positive affects, however, a small proportion is depicted as distressing. Only a few studies have addressed these frightening events, and yet they could trigger long-lasting emotional trauma. Objectives: We aimed at 1) looking into the proportion of distressing NDEs in a sample of NDE narratives; 2) running a categorization of distressing narratives based on Greyson and Bush’s classification: “inverse”, “void” or “hellish” NDEs; and 3) comparing the content of distressing NDEs with “classical” NDEs (which include typical features and are not considered as negative). Methods: NDE experiencers were invited to write down their experience and complete the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (to assess its phenomenological characteristics) as well as the Greyson NDE scale (to characterize the content of the NDE). Distressing narratives were identified and a text analysis was conducted to classify each narrative into one of the negative subcategories. Content and intensity of distressing and classical NDEs memories were then compared using Mann Whitney U tests based on answers to questionnaires. Results: First, we found that distressing NDEs represent 18% of our sample. Second, the text analysis confirmed Greyson and Bush’s classification and highlighted that our subsample includes 14 inverse (56%), 8 hellish (32%) and 3 void (12%) accounts. Finally, memories of distressing NDEs are considered as detailed as memories of classical NDEs. Apart from positive affects, distressing NDEs contain as much typical features as classical NDEs. Still poorly studied, distressing NDEs deserve careful consideration to ensure their integration into NDE experiencers’ identity.
Disciplines :
Neurology
Author, co-author :
Cassol, Helena ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA : Coma Group
Martial, Charlotte  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA : Coma Group
Annen, Jitka  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA-CRC In vivo Imaging
Martens, Géraldine  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA : Coma Group
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA-CRC In vivo Imaging
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA : Coma Group
Language :
English
Title :
Vivid memories from hell: A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experiences accounts
Publication date :
18 May 2018
Event name :
Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (BAPS) 2018
Event organizer :
Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (BAPS)
Event place :
Gent, Belgium
Event date :
18 mai 2018
Peer reviewed :
Editorial reviewed
Available on ORBi :
since 21 June 2018

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