Reference : Characterization of low-mass companion HD 142527 B
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
Characterization of low-mass companion HD 142527 B
Christiaens, Valentin mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. (sc. spatiales - paysage)]
Casassus, Simon mailto [> >]
Absil, Olivier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > ISSPSILAB >]
Kimeswenger, Stefan mailto [> >]
Gomez Gonzalez, Carlos mailto [> >]
Girard, Julien mailto [> >]
Ramirez, Ricardo mailto [> >]
Wertz, Olivier mailto [> >]
Zurlo, Alice mailto [> >]
Wahhaj, Zahed mailto [> >]
Flores, Christian mailto [> >]
Salinas, Vachail mailto [> >]
Jordan, Andres mailto [> >]
Mawet, Dimitri mailto [> >]
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] The circumstellar disk of the Herbig Fe star HD 142527 is host to several remarkable features including a warped inner disk, a 120 au-wide annular gap, a prominent dust trap and several spiral arms. A low-mass companion, HD 142527 B, was also found orbiting the primary star at ~14 au. This study aims to better characterize this companion, which could help explain its impact on the peculiar geometry of the disk. We observed the source with VLT/SINFONI in H+K band in pupil-tracking mode. Data were post-processed with several algorithms based on angular differential imaging (ADI). HD 142527 B is conspicuously re-detected in most spectral channels, which enables us to extract the first medium-resolution spectrum of a low-mass companion within 0.1'' from its central star. Fitting our spectrum with both template and synthetic spectra suggests that the companion is a young M2.5+-1.0 star with an effective temperature of 3500+-100 K, possibly surrounded with a hot (1700 K) circum-secondary environment. Pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks provide a mass estimate of 0.34+-0.06 MSun, independent of the presence of a hot environment. However, the estimated stellar radius and age do depend on that assumption; we find a radius of 1.37+-0.05 RSun (resp. 1.96+-0.10 RSun) and an age of ~1.8Myr (resp. ~0.75Myr) in the case of the presence (resp. absence) of a hot environment contributing in H+K. Our new values for the mass and radius of the companion yield a mass accretion rate of 2--3% that of the primary. We have constrained the physical properties of HD 142527 B, thereby illustrating the potential for SINFONI+ADI to characterize faint close-in companions. The new spectral type makes HD 142527 B a twin of the well known TW Hya T-Tauri star, and the revision of its mass to higher values further supports its role in shaping the disk.

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