Reference : Brief assessment of schizotypal traits: A multinational study
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/225054
Brief assessment of schizotypal traits: A multinational study
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Fonseca-Pedrero, E. [Department of Educational Sciences, University of La Rioja, Logroño, Spain, Centro de Investigacio´n Biome´dica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Oviedo, Spain]
Ortuño-Sierra, J. [Department of Educational Sciences, University of La Rioja, Logroño, Spain]
Lucas-Molina, B. [Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain]
Debbane´, M. [Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK]
Chan, R. C. K. [Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China]
Cicero, D. C. [Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA]
Zhang, Lihong [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Adéquat. struct. aux exig. de fonct.& perfor. techn.-écon. >]
Brenner, C. [Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada]
Barkus, E. [School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia]
Linscott, R. J. [Department of Psychology,University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand]
Kwapil, T. [Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA]
Barrantes-Vidal, N. [Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Universitat Auto`noma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain]
Cohen, A. [Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Louisiana, LA, USA]
Raine, A. [Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry,and Psychology,University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA]
Compton, M. T. [Department of Psychiatry, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, USA]
Tone, E. B. [Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA]
Suhr, J. [Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA]
Bobes, J. [Department of Psychiatry, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain, Centro de Investigacio´n Biome´dica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Oviedo, Spain]
Fumero, A. [Department of Psychology, University of La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain]
Giakoumaki, S. [Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece]
Tsaousis, I. [Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece]
Preti, A. [Genneruxi Medical Center, Cagliari, Italy]
Chmielewski, M. [Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA]
Laloyaux, Julien mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Mechri, A. [Psychiatry Department, University Hospital of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia]
Lahmar, M. A. [Psychiatry Department, University Hospital of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia]
Wuthrich, V. [Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia]
Laroi, Frank mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Département de Psychologie >]
Badcock, J. C. [Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry, Division of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia]
Jablensky, A. [Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry, School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia]
Barron, D. [Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia]
Swami, V. [Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia, Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK]
Tran, U. S. [Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria]
Voracek, M. [Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria]
2017
Schizophrenia Research
Elsevier B.V.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0920-9964
[en] Cross-cultural ; Psychosis ; Psychosis risk ; Schizotypal personality ; Schizotypy ; SPQ-B
[en] The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B) was developed with the aim of examining variations in healthy trait schizotypy, as well as latent vulnerability to psychotic-spectrum disorders. No previous study has studied the cross-cultural validity of the SPQ-B in a large cross-national sample. The main goal of the present study was to analyze the reliability and the internal structure of SPQ-B scores in a multinational sample of 28,426 participants recruited from 14 countries. The mean age was 22.63. years (SD = 7.08; range 16-68. years), 37.7% (n = 10,711) were men. The omega coefficients were high, ranging from 0.86 to 0.92 for the total sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that SPQ-B items were grouped either in a theoretical structure of three first-order factors (Cognitive-Perceptual, Interpersonal, and Disorganized) or in a bifactor model (three first-order factors plus a general factor of schizotypal personality). In addition, the results supported configural but not strong measurement invariance of SPQ-B scores across samples. These findings provide new information about the factor structure of schizotypal personality, and support the validity and utility of the SPQ-B, a brief and easy tool for assessing self-reported schizotypal traits, in cross-national research. Theoretical and clinical implications for diagnostic systems, psychosis models, and cross-national mental health strategies are derived from these results. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/225054
10.1016/j.schres.2017.10.043

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